Ultratech, Inc.
ULTRATECH INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/08/2005 14:50:31)

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

 

ý

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

 

 

For the quarterly period ended  July 2, 2005

 

 

 

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from            to            

 

Commission File Number  0-22248

 

ULTRATECH, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

DELAWARE

 

94-3169580

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

3050 Zanker Road, San Jose, California

 

95134

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code         (408) 321-8835

 

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

Yes          ý

 

No          o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

Yes          ý

 

No          o

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of Common Stock, as of the latest practical date:

 

Class

 

Outstanding as of August 5, 2005

common stock, $.001 par value

 

24,059,998

 

 



 

ULTRATECH, INC.

 

INDEX

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 2, 2005 and December 31, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended July 2, 2005 and July 3, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended July 2, 2005 and July 3, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

 

 

 

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES AND CERTIFICATIONS

 

 

2



 

PART I.          FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

ULTRATECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

Dec. 31,
2004*

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments

 

$

146,255

 

$

151,627

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

19,576

 

19,907

 

Inventories

 

29,448

 

27,842

 

Taxes receivable

 

704

 

509

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

3,236

 

1,654

 

Total current assets

 

199,219

 

201,539

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment and leasehold improvements, net

 

22,339

 

21,992

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Demonstration inventories, net

 

2,913

 

4,223

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

2,972

 

2,697

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

227,443

 

$

230,546

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable

 

$

6,597

 

$

7,900

 

Accounts payable

 

10,583

 

13,587

 

Deferred product and service income

 

3,435

 

1,244

 

Deferred license income

 

 

1,041

 

Other current liabilities

 

9,281

 

8,146

 

Total current liabilities

 

29,896

 

31,918

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities

 

5,826

 

5,338

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

191,721

 

193,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

227,443

 

$

230,546

 

 


* The Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2004 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date.

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

3



 

ULTRATECH, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products

 

$

25,698

 

$

18,690

 

$

49,434

 

$

41,480

 

Services

 

2,839

 

2,879

 

5,937

 

5,772

 

Licenses

 

289

 

928

 

1,417

 

1,856

 

Total net sales

 

28,826

 

22,497

 

56,788

 

49,108

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of products sold

 

14,752

 

10,151

 

28,144

 

21,844

 

Cost of services

 

2,385

 

2,173

 

4,677

 

4,031

 

Total cost of sales

 

17,137

 

12,324

 

32,821

 

25,875

 

Gross profit

 

11,689

 

10,173

 

23,967

 

23,233

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research, development, and engineering

 

6,833

 

6,248

 

14,336

 

12,458

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

8,196

 

7,160

 

15,731

 

14,247

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

95

 

95

 

190

 

Operating loss

 

(3,340

)

(3,330

)

(6,195

)

(3,662

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(99

)

(20

)

(190

)

(55

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income, net

 

1,149

 

857

 

2,063

 

1,816

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss before income tax

 

(2,290

)

(2,493

)

(4,322

)

(1,901

)

Income tax benefit

 

(296

)

(227

)

(432

)

(162

)

Net loss

 

$

(1,994

)

$

(2,266

)

$

(3,890

)

$

(1,739

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss per share - basic:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(0.08

)

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.16

)

$

(0.07

)

Number of shares used in per share computations - basic

 

23,944

 

23,705

 

23,912

 

23,675

 

Loss per share - diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(0.08

)

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.16

)

$

(0.07

)

Number of shares used in per share computations - diluted

 

23,944

 

23,705

 

23,912

 

23,675

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

4



 

ULTRATECH, INC

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

(In thousands)

 

2005

 

2004

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

(3,890

)

(1,739

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

3,326

 

3,222

 

Amortization

 

760

 

1,262

 

Loss on disposal of equipment

 

3

 

3

 

Loss on sale of short-term investments

 

8

 

 

Deferred compensation

 

68

 

150

 

Deferred income taxes

 

(17

)

126

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

332

 

(5,513

)

Inventories

 

(1,606

)

(4,590

)

Taxes receivable

 

(195

)

349

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(1,582

)

5

 

Demonstration inventory

 

855

 

(1,037

)

Other assets

 

(288

)

(453

)

Accounts payable

 

(3,004

)

2,567

 

Deferred product and services income

 

2,191

 

2,453

 

Deferred license income

 

(1,041

)

(1,856

)

Other current liabilities

 

1,164

 

(1,487

)

Other liabilities

 

488

 

763

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(2,428

)

(5,775

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

(3,676

)

(2,577

)

Purchase of securities

 

(76,658

)

(69,073

)

Proceeds from sales and maturities of securities

 

69,685

 

71,587

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(10,649

)

(63

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from notes payable

 

66,235

 

8,500

 

Repayment of notes payable

 

(67,538

)

(5,764

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

 

2,046

 

1,469

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

743

 

4,205

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

367

 

312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(11,967

)

(1,321

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

47,985

 

25,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

36,018

 

$

23,828

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

Other non-cash change:

 

 

 

 

 

Systems transferred from (to) inventory to (from) equipment and other assets

 

$

1,723

 

$

1,537

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5



 

Ultratech, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

July 2, 2005

(1) Description of Business

 

Ultratech, Inc. (referred to as “Ultratech” and “we”) develops, manufactures and markets photolithography and laser thermal processing equipment for manufacturers of semiconductor and nanotechnology components located throughout North America, Europe, Japan, Taiwan and the rest of Asia.

 

We supply step-and-repeat photolithography systems based on one-to-one imaging technology. Within the semiconductor industry, we target the market for advanced packaging applications. Within the nanotechnology industry, our target markets include thin film head magnetic recording devices, optical networking devices, laser diodes and LEDs (light emitting diodes). Our laser thermal processing equipment is targeted at advanced annealing applications within the semiconductor industry.

 

In evaluating its business segments, we gave consideration to the Chief Executive Officer’s review of financial information and the organizational structure of our management. Based on this review, we concluded that, at the present time, resources are allocated and other financial decisions are made based on consolidated financial information. Accordingly, we have determined that we operate in one business segment, which is the manufacture and distribution of capital equipment to manufacturers of integrated circuits and nanotechnology components.

 

(2) Basis of Presentation

 

We have prepared the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for fair presentation, have been included.

 

Operating results for the three and six month periods ended July 2, 2005 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2005, or any future period.

 

USE OF ESTIMATES — The preparation of the financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. By their nature, these estimates and judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its estimates, including those related to inventories, warranty obligations, purchase order commitments, bad debts, estimated useful lives of fixed assets, asset impairment, income taxes, intangible assets, and contingencies and litigation. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other analyses and assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

IMPACT OF RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS — On December 16, 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Statement No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment, which is a revision of FASB Statement No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. Statement 123(R) supersedes APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and amends FASB Statement No. 95, Statement of Cash Flows. Generally, the approach in Statement
123(R) is similar to the approach described in Statement 123. However, Statement 123(R) requires all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the income statement based on their fair values. Pro forma disclosure will no longer be an alternative. In April 2005, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced the adoption of a new rule that amends the effective date of FAS 123(R). The effective date of the new standard under these new rules for our consolidated financial statements is January 1, 2006.

 

As permitted by Statement 123, we currently account for share-based payments to employees using the intrinsic value method and, as such, generally recognize no compensation cost for employee stock options. Accordingly, the adoption of Statement 123(R)’s fair value method will have a significant impact on our results of operations, although it will have no impact on our overall financial position. The impact of adoption of Statement 123(R) cannot be predicted at this time because it will depend on levels of share-based payments granted in the future, the valuation model used to value the options and other variables. However, had we adopted Statement 123(R) in prior periods, the impact of that standard would have

 

6



 

approximated the impact of Statement 123 as described in the disclosure of pro forma net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share in Note 3 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

(3) Stock-Based Compensation

 

We account for compensation expense related to our stock-based employee compensation plans under the intrinsic value method. Accordingly, no stock-based employee compensation cost is recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, as all options granted under these plans had an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying common stock on the date of grant.

 

The following table illustrates the effect on net loss and net loss per share, had we applied the fair value recognition method to account for stock-based employee compensation.

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2005

 

2004

 

2005

 

2004

 

Net loss as reported

 

$

(1,994

)

$

(2,266

)

$

(3,890

)

$

(1,739

)

Total stock-based employee compensation expense, determined under fair valuebased method for all awards, net of related tax effects

 

(436

)

(16,974

)

(3,119

)

(19,913

)

Pro forma net loss

 

$

(2,430

)

$

(19,240

)

$

(7,009

)

$

(21,652

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share - basic, as reported

 

$

(0.08

)

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.16

)

$

(0.07

)

Pro forma net loss per share - basic

 

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.84

)

$

(0.29

)

$

(0.93

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share - diluted, as reported

 

$

(0.08

)

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.16

)

$

(0.07

)

Pro forma net loss per share - diluted

 

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.84

)

$

(0.29

)

$

(0.93

)

 

The table above used the following weighted-average assumptions to estimate the fair value of stock options at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

 

 

2005

 

2004

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected life (in years): stock options

 

3.8

 

2.0

 

3.5

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected life (in years): Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

NA

 

1.25

 

NA

 

1.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

3.76

%

2.68

%

3.44

%

2.64

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Volatility factor

 

0.46

 

0.62

 

0.51

 

0.63

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend yield

 

0.00

%

0.00

%

0.00

%

0.00

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reflected in the table above is the termination of our Employee Stock Purchase Plan in July 2004.

 

(4) Net Loss Per Share

 

The following sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share:

 

7



 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Six months ended

 

 

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2005

 

2004

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,994

)

$

(2,266

)

$

(3,890

)

$

(1,739

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for basic net loss per share

 

23,944

 

23,705

 

23,912

 

23,675

 

Effect of dilutive employee stock options

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for diluted net loss per share

 

23,944

 

23,705

 

23,912

 

23,675

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss per share - basic:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(0.08

)

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.16

)

$

(0.07

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss per share - diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(0.08

)

$

(0.10

)

$

(0.16

)

$

(0.07

)

 

For the three and six-month periods ended July 2, 2005, options to purchase 6,297,946 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $17.88 were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as the effect would have been anti-dilutive. For the three and six-month periods ended July 3, 2004, options to purchase 5,993,586 shares of common stock at an average exercise price of $18.29, were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as the effect would have been anti-dilutive. Options are anti-dilutive when we have a net loss or when the exercise price of the stock option is greater than the average market price of our common stock during the period.

 

(5) Inventories

 

Inventories consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

Dec. 31,
2004

 

Raw materials

 

$

10,936

 

$

11,362

 

Work-in-process

 

13,209

 

13,347

 

Finished products

 

5,303

 

3,133

 

 

 

$

29,448

 

$

27,842

 

 

(6) Other Assets

 

Other assets consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

Dec. 31,
2004

 

Deferred compensation plan assets

 

$

1,695

 

$

1,401

 

Deferred income taxes

 

308

 

320

 

Other.

 

969

 

976

 

 

 

$

2,972

 

$

2,697

 

 

(7) Line of Credit

 

In December 2004, we entered into a line of credit agreement with a brokerage firm. Under the terms of this agreement, we may borrow funds at a cost equal to the current Federal funds open rate plus 100 basis points (approximately 4.25% as of July 2, 2005). Certain of our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments secure borrowings outstanding under this facility. Funds are advanced to us under this facility based on pre-determined advance rates on the cash and securities held by us in this brokerage account. This agreement has no set expiration date and there are no loan covenants, other than the

 

8



 

aforementioned collateral requirement. As of July 2, 2005, $6.6 million was outstanding under this facility, with a related collateral requirement of approximately $8.8 million of our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.

 

(8) Other Current Liabilities

 

Other current liabilities consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

Dec. 31,
2004

 

Salaries and benefits

 

$

3,251

 

$

2,360

 

Warranty accrual

 

1,911

 

2,013

 

Advance billings

 

515

 

415

 

Income taxes payable

 

490

 

31

 

Reserve for losses on purchase order commitments

 

613

 

1,090

 

Other

 

2,501

 

2,237

 

 

 

$

9,281

 

$

8,146

 

 

Warranty Accrual

 

We generally warrant our products for a period of 12 months for new products, or 3 months for refurbished products, from the date of customer acceptance for material and labor to repair the product; accordingly, an accrual for the estimated cost of the warranty is recorded at the time the product is shipped. Recognition of the related warranty cost is deferred until product revenue is recognized. Factors that affect our warranty liability include the number of installed units, historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims, and cost per claim. We periodically assess the adequacy of our recorded warranty liabilities and adjust the amounts as necessary.

 

Changes in our warranty accrual are as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Six months ended

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

Balance, beginning of the period

 

$

2,026

 

$

1,596

 

$

2,013

 

$

1,257

 

Warranties issued during the period

 

741

 

744

 

1,695

 

1,971

 

Settlements made during the period

 

(1,019

)

(637

)

(2,078

)

(1,341

)

Changes in liability for pre-existing warranties

 

163

 

(205

)

281

 

(389

)

Balance, end of the period

 

$

1,911

 

$

1,498

 

$

1,911

 

$

1,498

 

 

Deferred Services Income

 

We sell service contracts for which revenue is deferred and recognized ratably over the contract period, for time based service contracts, or as service hours are delivered, for contracts based on a purchased quantity of hours. Changes in our deferred services income are as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Six months ended

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

Balance, beginning of the period

 

$

1,352

 

$

867

 

$

1,332

 

$

821

 

Service contracts sold during the period

 

2,128

 

1,952

 

4,116

 

3,944

 

Service contract revenue recognized during the period

 

(1,920

)

(1,842

)

(3,888

)

(3,788

)

Balance, end of the period

 

$

1,560

 

$

977

 

$

1,560

 

$

977

 

 

9



 

(9) Other Liabilities

 

Other liabilities consist of the following:

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

Dec. 31,
2004

 

Deferred rent.

 

$

3,323

 

$

3,294

 

Deferred compensation plan liability.

 

1,898

 

1,572

 

Other

 

605

 

472

 

 

 

$

5,826

 

$

5,338

 

 

(10) Comprehensive Loss

 

The components of comprehensive loss are as follows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Six months ended

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

Net loss

 

$

(1,994

)

$

(2,266

)

$

(3,890

)

$

(1,739

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities

 

342

 

(866

)

160

 

(971

)

Unrealized gain on foreign exchange forward contracts

 

178

 

151

 

367

 

312

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(1,474

)

$

(2,981

)

$

(3,363

)

$

(2,398

)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets is comprised of changes in unrealized gains or losses on available-for-sale securities and the effect of exchange rate changes on foreign exchange forward contracts, net of tax.

 

(In thousands)

 

July 2,
2005

 

Dec. 31,
2004

 

Unrealized gains (losses) on:

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale investments

 

$

(354

)

$

(194

)

Foreign exchange contracts

 

72

 

(295

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss at end of period

 

$

(282

)

$

(489

)

 

(11) Contingencies

 

Legal Proceedings .

 

On February 29, 2000, we filed lawsuits asserting patent infringement and related claims against Nikon, Canon, and ASML in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. In April 2000, we reached a settlement with Nikon, and in September 2001, we reached a settlement with Canon. In the patent litigation against ASML, a jury trial was conducted during the three-month period ended July 2, 2005. The jury reached a verdict that the patent was infringed, but that the asserted claims of the patent were invalid. We have filed a post-trial motion for a new trial and for judgment as a matter of law in our favor. ASML has also filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law. In addition, ASML has requested that the Court award costs in the amount of $450,000 and has reserved the right to seek attorneys’ fees. The Company has recorded an amount for court costs in our financial statements, but we believe the possible claim for attorneys’ fees would be without merit and we plan to vigorously defend ourselves against such a claim.

 

On July 11, 2003, we filed a lawsuit asserting infringement of certain claims related to U.S. patent No. 5,621,813 in the U.S. District Court in and for the Northern District of California. The Company received a decision from the Court on May 17, 2005. The Court found the subject “patent-in-suit” to be invalid. We plan to appeal this decision. The defendant has brought a motion for reimbursement of its attorneys’ fees and costs in a total asserted amount of approximately $2 million. We have filed our opposition to this motion and plan to defend our position vigorously. We believe this claim for attorneys’ fees to be without merit and do not consider it probable that we will eventually have to pay such amounts. Accordingly, we have not recorded this potential cost in our results of operations.

 

10



 

Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Certain of the statements contained herein, which are not a historical fact and which can generally be identified by words such as “anticipates”, “expects”, “intends”, “will”, “could”, “believes”, “estimates”, “continue”, and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements under Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve risks and uncertainties, such as risks related to our dependence on new product introductions and market acceptance of new products and enhanced versions of our existing products; lengthy sales cycles, including the timing of system installations and acceptances; lengthy and costly development cycles for laser-processing and lithography technologies and applications; integration, development and associated expenses of the laser processing operation; delays, deferrals and cancellations of orders by customers; cyclicality in the semiconductor and nanotechnology industries; pricing pressures and product discounts; high degree of industry competition; intellectual property matters; expiration of licensing arrangements, and the resulting adverse impact on our licensing revenues; changes to financial accounting standards; changes in pricing by us, our competitors or suppliers; customer concentration; international sales; timing of new product announcements and releases by us or our competitors; ability to volume produce systems and meet customer requirements; sole or limited sources of supply; ability and resulting costs to attract or retain sufficient personnel to achieve our targets for a particular period; dilutive effect of employee stock option grants on net income per share, which is largely dependent upon us achieving and maintaining profitability and the market price of our stock; mix of products sold; rapid technological change and the importance of timely product introductions; outcome of litigation; manufacturing variances and production levels; timing and degree of success of technologies licensed to outside parties; product concentration and lack of product revenue diversification; inventory obsolescence; asset impairment; effects of certain anti-takeover provisions; future acquisitions; volatility of stock price; business interruptions due to natural disasters or utility failures; environmental regulations; and any adverse effects of terrorist attacks in the United States or elsewhere, or government responses thereto, or military actions in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere, on the economy, in general, or on our business in particular. Due to these and additional factors, the statements, historical results and percentage relationships set forth below are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for any future period. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current beliefs and expectations, some or all of which may prove to be inaccurate, and which may change. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this report.

 

OVERVIEW

 

Ultratech, Inc. (referred to as “Ultratech” and “we”) develops, manufactures and markets photolithography and laser thermal processing equipment for manufacturers of semiconductor and nanotechnology components located throughout North America, Europe, Japan, Taiwan and the rest of Asia.

 

We supply step-and-repeat photolithography systems based on one-to-one imaging technology. Within the semiconductor industry, we target the market for advanced packaging applications. Within the nanotechnology industry, our target markets include thin film head magnetic recording devices, optical networking devices, laser diodes and LEDs (light emitting diodes). Our laser thermal processing equipment is targeted at advanced annealing applications within the semiconductor industry.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

We derive a substantial portion of our total net sales from sales of a relatively small number of newly manufactured systems, which typically range in price from $1.2 million to $4.0 million. As a result of these high sale prices, the timing and recognition of revenue from a single transaction has had and most likely will continue to have a significant impact on our net sales and operating results for any particular period.

 

Our backlog at the beginning of a period typically does not include all of the sales needed to achieve our sales objectives for that period. In addition, orders in backlog are subject to a high risk of cancellation, shipment or customer acceptance delays, and deferral or rescheduling by a customer with limited or no penalties. Consequently, our net sales and operating results for a period have been and will continue to be dependent upon our obtaining orders for systems to be shipped and accepted in the same period in which the order is received. Our business and financial results for a particular period could be materially adversely affected if an anticipated order for even one system is not received in time to permit shipment and customer acceptance during that period. Furthermore, a substantial number of our shipments have historically occurred near the end of each quarter. Delays in installation and customer acceptance due, for example, to our inability to successfully demonstrate the agreed-upon specifications or criteria at the customer’s facility, or to the failure of the customer to permit installation of the system in the agreed upon time, may cause net sales in a particular period to fall significantly below our expectations, which may materially adversely affect our operating results for that period. This risk is especially applicable in connection with the introduction and initial sales of a new product line. Additionally, certain orders in backlog contain product evaluation terms.

 

11



 

Further, product evaluation terms could result in extended product acceptance cycles, which could delay recognition of revenue; or result in the return of product.

 

The failure to receive anticipated orders or delays in shipments and customer acceptances due, for example, to rescheduling, delays, deferrals or cancellations by customers, additional customer configuration requirements, customer evaluation or demonstration criteria, or to unexpected manufacturing difficulties or delays in deliveries by suppliers due to their long production lead times or otherwise, have caused and may continue to cause net sales in a particular period to fall significantly below our expectations, materially adversely affecting our operating results for that period. In particular, the long manufacturing and acceptance cycles of our laser thermal processing systems and advanced packaging wafer steppers and the long lead time for lenses and other materials, could cause shipments and acceptances of such products to be delayed from one quarter to the next, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations for a particular quarter.

 

Net sales

 

Second Quarter

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions)

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

Amount of
Change

 

Percentage
Change

 

Sales of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products: Systems

 

$

21.2

 

$

16.0

 

$

5.3

 

33

%

Products: Spare parts and upgrades

 

4.5

 

2.7

 

1.7

 

64

%

Services

 

2.8

 

2.9

 

 

-1

%

Licenses

 

0.3

 

0.9

 

(0.6

)

-69

%

Total net sales

 

$

28.8

 

$

22.5

 

$

6.3

 

28

%

 

Net sales consist of revenues from system sales, spare parts sales, services and licensing of technologies. System sales increased 33%, to $21.2 million, on a unit volume increase of 9% in the second quarter of 2005 as compared to the second quarter of 2004. Weighted-average selling prices increased 22%, as compared to the comparable year-ago period, primarily due to a higher proportion of new system sales to total sales, which includes lower priced refurbished system sales as well as new system sales. Average selling prices for newly manufactured systems are typically substantially higher than those for refurbished systems.

 

On a product market application basis, system sales to the semiconductor industry, primarily for advanced packaging applications, were $15.3 million for the quarter ended July 2, 2005, an increase of 36% when compared with system sales to this market in the second quarter of 2004. This increase was due to a 16% increase in unit volumes and higher average selling prices resulting from a higher proportion of 300mm systems sold, which typically have much higher selling prices than comparable 200mm systems. System sales to the nanotechnology market were $6.0 million for the quarter ended July 2, 2005, an increase of 25% as compared with system sales to this market in the second quarter of 2004. This increase was primarily a result of a higher proportion of new system sales to total sales.

 

Geographically, the increase in systems sales was primarily a result of higher system sales in Europe

 

Spare parts and upgrades sales for the second quarter of 2005 were $4.5 million, an increase of 64% over last year’s second quarter, primarily as a result of a greater number of system upgrades. Revenues from services for the second quarter of 2005 were essentially unchanged, as compared to the same period a year ago.

 

Revenues from licenses were $0.3 million in the quarter ended July 2, 2005, as compared with $0.9 million in the comparable period a year ago. This decrease was a result of the completion of the amortization period of prior-period proceeds from licensing agreements. Future revenues from licensing activities, if any, will be contingent upon the outcome of current litigation (see “Legal Proceedings”), and upon existing and future licensing and royalty arrangements. The Company may not be successful in generating licensing revenues in the future and does not anticipate the recognition of additional licensing income during the remainder of 2005.

 

At July 2, 2005, we had approximately $3.4 million of deferred product and services income resulting from products shipped but not yet installed and accepted and deferred service revenue, as compared to $1.2 million at December 31, 2004. Deferred

 

12



 

income related to our products is recognized upon satisfying the contractual obligations for installation and/or customer acceptance.

 

For the quarter ended July 2, 2005, international net sales were $22.1 million, or 77% of total net sales, as compared with $13.6 million, or 60% of total net sales for the second quarter of 2004. We expect sales to international customers to represent a significant majority of our revenues during the remainder of 2005. Our revenue derived from sales in foreign countries is not generally subject to significant exchange rate fluctuations, principally because sales contracts for our systems are generally denominated in U.S. dollars. In Japan, however, orders are often denominated in Japanese yen. This subjects us to the risk of currency fluctuations. We attempt to mitigate this risk by entering into foreign currency forward exchange contracts for the period between when an order is received and when it is recorded as revenue. After recording revenue, we use various mechanisms, such as foreign currency forward exchange contracts and natural hedges, to offset substantial portions of the gains or losses associated with our Japanese yen denominated receivables due to exchange rate fluctuations. We had approximately $3.2 million of Japanese yen denominated receivables at July 2, 2005. International sales expose us to a number of additional risks, including fluctuations in the value of local currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, which impact the relative cost of ownership of our products and, thus, the customer’s willingness to purchase our product. (See “Additional Risk Factors: International Sales”).

 

Year-To-Date:

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

(In millions)

 

July 2,
2005

 

July 3,
2004

 

Amount of
Change

 

Percentage
Change

 

Sales of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Products: Systems

 

$

41.5

 

$

36.4

 

$

5.1

 

14

%

Products: Spare parts and upgrades

 

7.9

 

5.1

 

2.8

 

56

%

Services

 

5.9

 

5.8

 

0.2

 

3

%

Licenses

 

1.4

 

1.9

 

(0.4

)

-24

%

Total net sales

 

$

56.8

 

$

49.1

 

$

7.7

 

16

%

 

System sales increased 14% to $41.5 million. The increase was primarily a result of a 19% increase in weighted-average selling prices of systems sold, which was partially offset by a unit volume decrease of 4%. The increase in average selling prices was primarily the result of a higher proportion of 300mm system sales to 200mm system sales in the current period, and a higher proportion of newly manufactured systems to refurbished systems in the current period, as compared to the same period a year ago. On a market segment basis, the year-over-year increase in systems sales was a result of higher sales to the advanced packaging market. Geographically, the year-over-year increase in systems sales was primarily a result of higher sales in Europe as compared to no systems sales in Europe for the six months ended July 3, 2004, partially offset by a 44% sales decrease in Japan.

 

Spare parts and upgrades sales for the first half of 2005 were $7.9 million, an increase of 56% over the first half of 2004, primarily as a result of higher levels of system upgrades. Revenues from services were essentially unchanged from 2004 levels. Revenues from licenses decreased by $0.4 million in the first half of 2005, as compared to the first half of 2004. This decrease was a result of the completion of the amortization period of prior-period proceeds from licensing agreements. Future revenues from licensing activities, if any, will be contingent upon the outcome of current litigation (see “Legal Proceedings”), and upon existing and future licensing and royalty arrangements. The Company may not be successful in generating licensing revenues in the future and does not anticipate the recognition of additional licensing income during the remainder of 2005.

 

For the first half of 2005, international net sales were $42.9 million, or 75% of total net sales, as compared with $34.0 million, or 69% of total net sales for the first half of 2004.

 

13



 

Gross profit

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

July 2,

 

July 3,

 

Expressed as a % of total net sales

 

2005

 

2004

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of products and services sold

 

59.4

%

54.8

%

57.8

%

52.7

%

Gross margin

 

40.6

%

45.2

%

42.2

%

47.3

%

 

On a comparative basis, the decline in gross margin percentage in the three months ended July 2, 2005, as compared with the comparable period a year ago, was primarily due to higher service expenses (2.3 percentage points) and unfavorable manufacturing variances/efficiencies (1.5 percentage points) principally associated with the our new laser spike annealing technologies. The decline in gross margin percentage can also be attributed to lower licensing revenues (1.3%), resulting from the completion of the amortization period of certain licensing payments received in prior periods. These aforementioned factors were partially offset by other factors (which net to 0.4 percentage points).

 

The decline in gross margin percentage on a year-to-date basis can also be attributed to the same factors described in the prior paragraph. The decline was primarily a result of higher service costs (2.4 percentage points) and unfavorable manufacturing variances (2.3 percentage points) principally associated with our new laser spike annealing technologies. The decline in gross margin percentage can also be attributed to lower licensing revenues (0.4%), resulting from the completion of the amortization period of certain licensing payments received in prior periods.

 

Exclusive of licensing revenues, gross margin was 39.9% for the quarter ended July 2, 2005 as compared with 42.9% for the same period in 2004. For the first half of 2005, gross margin, exclusive of licensing revenue, was 40.7% as compared with 45.2% for the same period in 2004. We believe disclosure of gross margins without reference to licensing revenues provides additional appropriate disclosure to allow comparison of our product and service gross margins over time because there is little, if any, cost of sales associated with our licensing revenues. Future revenues from licensing activities, if any, will be contingent upon the outcome of current litigation (see “Legal Proceedings”), and upon existing and future licensing and royalty arrangements. The Company may not be successful in generating licensing revenues in the future and does not anticipate the recognition of additional licensing income during the remainder of 2005. Gross margins will be negatively impacted by the discontinuance of license revenue.

 

Our gross profit as a percentage of sales has been and most likely will continue to be significantly affected by a variety of factors, including the introduction of new products, which typically have higher manufacturing costs until manufacturing efficiencies are realized and which are typically discounted more than existing products until the products gain market acceptance; the mix of products sold; the rate of capacity utilization; writedown of inventory and open purchase commitments; technology support and licensing revenues, which have little or no associated cost of sales; product discounts, pricing and competition in our targeted markets; non-linearity of shipments during the quarter which can result in manufacturing inefficiencies; the percentage of international sales, which typically have lower gross margins than domestic sales principally due to higher field service and support costs; and start-up costs and inefficiencies associated with the implementation of subcontracting arrangements.

 

Operating expenses

 

Research, development and engineering expenses for the second quarter and the first half of 2005 were $6.8 million and $14.3 million, respectively, an increase of $0.6 million and $1.9 million, respectively, from the amounts reported for the comparable periods of 2004. This year-over-year increase in spending was primarily due to increased investment in the development of our laser processing technologies.

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses were $8.2 million and $15.7 million for the second quarter and the first half of 2005, an increase of $1.0 million and $1.5 million, respectively, as compared with the comparable periods in 2004. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general, and administrative expenses decreased to 28.4% and 27.7% in the second quarter and first half of 2005, respectively, as compared to 31.8% and 29.0% in the second quarter and first half of 2004, respectively. This increase, in term of dollars, was primarily due to significantly increased legal costs related to our being a plaintiff in several patent infringement lawsuits in trial during the period.

 

14



 

Interest and other income, net

 

Interest and other income, net, which consists primarily of interest income, was $1.1 million and $2.1 million for the second quarter and first half of 2005, respectively, as compared with $0.9 million and $1.8 million for the comparable periods of 2004. The year-over-year increases were primarily attributable to higher interest rates on our investments. We presently maintain an investment portfolio with a weighted-average maturity of approximately 1.25 years. As a result, changes in short-term interest rates have had, and will continue to have, a significant impact on our interest income.

 

Income tax benefit

 

For the three and six months ended July 2, 2005, we recorded an income tax benefit of $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively, as compared to an income tax benefit of $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the comparable periods in 2004. The tax benefit recognized in the current period resulted from our full-year forecast of an effective tax rate of approximately 10% of pre-tax income. Similarly, the year-ago tax provision resulted from our then- forecasted effective tax rate of approximately 10% of pre-tax income for the year ended December 31, 2004. The estimated effective tax rate of 10% for 2005 results primarily from foreign income taxes and the U.S. federal alternative minimum tax. This effective rate is substantially less than the statutory rate because of available U.S. federal net operating loss carry-forwards.

 

In October 2004, the United States enacted The American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (“the Act”). The Act provides for a three year phase-out of current extraterritorial income tax (“ETI”) benefits and replaces ETI with a phased-in 9% domestic production activity deduction that will not be fully effective until 2010. We do not currently realize ETI tax benefits. This provision of the Act is not expected to have a material effect on our results of operations or financial position in the near future. The Act also includes a deduction of 85% for certain foreign earnings that are repatriated, as defined in the Act. We do not intend to repatriate any of our foreign earnings during the effective period of this deduction under the Act.

 

Income tax estimates can be affected by whether or not, and within which jurisdictions, future earnings will occur and how and when cash is repatriated to the United States, combined with other aspects of an overall income tax strategy. Additionally, taxing jurisdictions could retroactively disagree with our tax treatment of certain items, and some historical transactions have income tax effects going forward. Accounting rules require these future effects to be evaluated using current laws, rules and regulations, each of which can change at any time and in an unpredictable manner. We believe we have adequately provided for any reasonably foreseeable outcome related to these matters, and we do not anticipate any material earnings impact from their ultimate resolutions.

 

Outlook

 

Although we believe that our served markets have generally strengthened during the last twelve months, the anticipated timing of orders, shipments and customer acceptances usually requires us to fill a number of production slots in any given quarter in order to meet our sales targets. If we are unsuccessful in our efforts to secure those production orders, or if existing production orders are delayed or cancelled, our results of operations will be materially adversely impacted. Accordingly, we may not be able to achieve or maintain our current or prior level of sales. We presently expect that net sales for the third quarter of 2005 may be in a range of $33 million to $36 million. For the full year, we believe we could see annual net sales growth of 20% to 25%, over levels achieved in 2004.

 

Because our net sales are subject to a number of risks, including: risks associated with the introduction of our new laser processing product line; delays in customer acceptances; intense competition in the capital equipment industry; uncertainty relating to the timing and market acceptance of our products; and the condition of the macro-economy and the semiconductor industry, we may not exceed or maintain our current or prior level of net sales for any period in the future. Additionally, we believe that the market acceptance and volume production of our advanced packaging systems, laser processing systems, and our 100/1000 series family of wafer steppers are of critical importance to our future financial results. At July 2, 2005, these critical systems represented 90% of our backlog. To the extent that these products do not achieve or maintain significant sales due to difficulties involving manufacturing or engineering, the inability to reduce the current long manufacturing and customer acceptance cycles for these products, competition, excess capacity in the semiconductor or nanotechnology device industries, or any other reason, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

 

We believe that gross margin for the third quarter of 2005 will be between 44% and 47%. The final gross margin achieved will depend heavily upon sales volumes and the resulting product mix. Should our sales not reach the level expected, we may incur a higher risk of inventory obsolescence and excess purchase commitments and lower utilization of our manufacturing infrastructure, which would materially adversely impact our results of operations. New products generally have lower gross margins until there is widespread market acceptance and until production and after-sales efficiencies can be achieved. Should significant market demand fail to develop for our laser processing systems and our new advanced packaging offerings, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected. In addition, higher costs

 

15



 

associated with extended manufacturing and customer acceptance periods on shipments of our new laser processing products have had, and will continue to have, an adverse impact on our gross margins.

 

We believe operating margin for the third quarter of 2005 may be in a range of 5%-10%. Finally, net income per share is projected in a range of $0.10 to $0.20.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $2.4 million for the six-month period ended July 2, 2005, as compared with net cash used in operating activities of $5.8 million for the comparable period in 2004. Net cash used in operating activities during the first half of 2005 was primarily attributable to the net loss of $3.9 million, a reduction in accounts payable of $3.0 million, an increase in inventories of $1.6 million, an increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets of $1.6 million and a decrease in deferred license revenue of $1.0 million, partially offset by non-cash charges to income for depreciation and amortization of $4.1 million, an increase in deferred product and services income of $2.2 million, an increase in other current liabilities of $1.2 million and a decrease in demonstration inventories of $0.9 million.  The increase in inventories during the first half of 2005 results primarily from laser processing systems shipped to customers pursuant to purchase orders containing product evaluation provisions.

 

We believe that because of the relatively long manufacturing cycle of certain of our systems, particularly newer products, our inventories will continue to represent a significant portion of working capital. Currently, we are devoting significant resources to the development, introduction and commercialization of our laser processing system and to the development of our next generation 1X lithography technologies. Additionally, we have purchased significant levels of inventories, and have made commitments to purchase additional inventories, to support the current production plan for our laser processing and next-generation lithography systems. We currently intend to continue to incur significant operating expenses in the areas of research, development and engineering, manufacturing and selling, general and administrative costs in order to further develop, produce and support these new products. Additionally, gross profit margins, inventory and capital equipment levels will be adversely impacted in the future by costs associated with the initial production of our laser processing system and by our next-generation 1X wafer stepper platform. These costs include, but are not limited to: additional manufacturing overhead; cost of demonstration and customer evaluation systems; ongoing research, development and engineering costs; additional technical, marketing and administrative personnel; and the establishment of additional after-sales support organizations. If we are unable to achieve significantly increased net sales, or if our sales fall below expectations, our cash flow and operating results will be materially adversely affected until, among other factors, costs and expenses can be reduced. Our failure to achieve our sales targets for these new products could result in significant additional inventory write-offs and asset impairment charges, either of which would materially adversely impact our results of operations.

 

During the first half of 2005, net cash used in investing activities was $10.6 million, attributable to net purchases of short-term marketable securities of $7.0 million and capital expenditures of $3.7 million.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $0.7 million during the first half of 2005, attributable to $2.0 million of proceeds received from the issuance of common stock under our employee stock option plans, partially offset by the net repayment of our note payable of $1.3 million.

 

At July 2, 2005, we had working capital of $169.3 million. Our principal source of liquidity at July 2, 2005 consisted of $139.7 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, net of outstanding borrowings under our line of credit.

In December 2004, we entered into a line of credit agreement with a brokerage firm replacing a similar arrangement that we had with a different firm. Under the terms of this agreement, we may borrow funds at a cost equal to the current Federal funds open rate plus 100 basis points (approximately 4.25% as of July 2, 2005). Certain of our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments secure borrowings outstanding under this facility. Funds are advanced to us under this facility in accordance with pre-determined advance rates based on the cash and securities held by us in this brokerage account. This agreement has no set expiration date and there are no loan covenants. As of July 2, 2005, $6.6 million was outstanding under this facility, with a related collateral requirement of approximately $8.8 million of our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.

 

The development and manufacture of laser processing and new lithography systems and enhancements are highly capital-intensive. In order to be competitive, we believe we must continue to make significant expenditures for: inventories; facilities; capital equipment; sales, service, training and support capabilities; systems, procedures and controls; and expansion of operations and research and development, among many other items. We expect that cash generated from operations and our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements for at least the next twelve months. However, in the near-term, we may continue to utilize existing and future lines of credit, and other sources of financing, in order to maintain our present levels of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Beyond the next twelve months, we may require additional equity or debt financing to address our working capital or capital equipment needs. In addition, we may seek to raise equity or debt capital at any time that we deem market conditions to be favorable. Additional financing, if needed, may not be available on reasonable terms, or at all.

 

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We may in the future pursue additional acquisitions of complementary product lines, technologies or businesses. Future acquisitions may result in potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the incurrence of debt and contingent liabilities and amortization expenses and impairment charges related to goodwill and other intangible assets, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, acquisitions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the operations, technologies, personnel and products of the acquired companies; the diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns; risks of entering markets in which we have limited or no direct experience; and the potential loss of key employees of the acquired company. In the event we acquire product lines, technologies or businesses which do not complement our business, or which otherwise do not enhance our sales or operating results, we may incur substantial write-offs and higher recurring operating costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In the event that any such acquisition does occur, there can be no assurance as to the effect thereof on our business or operating results.

 

Foreign Currency

 

As part of our overall strategy to manage the level of exposure to the risk of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, we attempt to hedge most of our Japanese yen denominated foreign currency exposures. We use foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the risk that unremitted Japanese yen denominated receipts from customers, for actual or forecasted sales of equipment after receipt of customer orders, may be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. After recording revenue, we use various mechanisms, such as foreign currency forward exchange contracts and natural hedges, to offset substantial portions of the potential gains or losses associated with our Japanese yen denominated assets and liabilities due to exchange rate fluctuations. At July 2, 2005, we had taken action to hedge approximately 100% of these Japanese yen denominated exposures. In addition to natural hedges resulting from having both assets and liabilities denominated in Japanese yen, we enter into foreign currency forward contracts that generally have maturities of nine months or less. We often close foreign currency forward contracts by entering into an offsetting contract. At July 2, 2005, we had contracts for the sale of $12.3 million of foreign currencies at fixed rates of exchange.

 

ADDITIONAL RISK FACTORS

 

In addition to risks described in the foregoing discussions, the following risks apply to our business and us:

 

Development of New Product Lines; Expansion of Operations   Currently, we are devoting significant resources to the development, introduction and commercialization of our laser processing systems and our next-generation 1X lithography platform. We intend to continue to develop these products and technologies during 2005, and will continue to incur significant operating expenses in the areas of: research, development and engineering; manufacturing; and selling, general and administrative costs in order to further develop, produce and support these new products. Additionally, gross profit and operating margins may be further adversely impacted in the future by costs associated with the initial production of our laser processing systems and by our next-generation platform for our 1X-lithography systems. Introduction of new products generally involves higher installation costs and product performance uncertainties that could delay customer acceptance of our systems, resulting in a delay in recognizing revenue associated with those systems and a reduction in gross margins. These costs include, but are not limited to, additional manufacturing overhead, additional inventory write-offs, costs of demonstration systems and facilities, and costs associated with the establishment of additional after-sales support organizations. Additionally, operating expenses may increase, relative to sales, as a result of adding additional marketing and administrative personnel, among other costs, to support our new products. If we are unable to achieve significantly increased net sales or if our sales fall below expectations, our operating results will be materially adversely affected.

 

Our ability to develop and commercialize our laser processing technologies is highly dependent on partnering with semiconductor companies to develop the anneal process. Our ability to deliver timely solutions is also limited by wafer turnaround at potential customers’ fabrication facilities.

 

Lengthy Sales Cycles   Sales of our systems depend, in significant part, upon the decision of a prospective customer to increase manufacturing capacity or to restructure current manufacturing facilities, either of which typically involves a significant commitment of capital. Many of our customers in the past have cancelled the development of new manufacturing facilities and have substantially reduced their capital equipment budgets. In view of the significant investment involved in a system purchase, we have experienced and may continue to experience delays following initial qualification of our systems as a result of delays in a customer’s approval process. Additionally, we are presently receiving orders for systems that have lengthy delivery schedules, which may be due to longer production lead times or a result of customers’ capacity scheduling requirements. For these and other reasons, our systems typically have a lengthy sales cycle during which we may expend substantial funds and management effort in securing a sale. Lengthy sales cycles subject us to a number of significant risks, including inventory obsolescence and fluctuations in operating results, over which we have little or no control. In order to maintain or exceed our present level of net sales, we are dependent upon obtaining orders for systems that will ship and be accepted in the current period. We may not be able to obtain those orders.

 

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Intellectual Property Rights   Although we attempt to protect our intellectual property rights through patents, copyrights, trade secrets and other measures, we believe that our success will depend more upon the innovation, technological expertise and marketing abilities of our employees. Nevertheless, we have a policy of seeking patents when appropriate on inventions resulting from our ongoing research and development and manufacturing activities. We own 103 United States and foreign patents, which expire on dates ranging from June 2006 to April 2023 and have 97 United States and foreign patent applications pending. In addition, we have various registered trademarks and copyright registrations covering mainly software programs used in the operation of our systems. We also rely upon trade secret protection for our confidential and proprietary information. We may not be able to protect our technology adequately and competitors may be able to develop similar technology independently. Our pending patent applications may not be issued or U.S. or foreign intellectual property laws may not protect our intellectual property rights. In addition, litigation may be necessary to enforce our patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others or to defend against claims of infringement. Such litigation has resulted in, and in the future could result in, substantial costs and diversion of resources and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, regardless of the outcome of the litigation. Patents issued to us may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented and the rights granted thereunder may not provide competitive advantages to us. Furthermore, others may independently develop similar technology or products, or, if patents are issued to us, design around the patents issued to us. Invalidation of our patents related to those technologies could allow our competitors to more effectively compete against us, which could result in less revenue for us.

 

On February 29, 2000, we filed lawsuits asserting patent infringement and related claims against Nikon, Canon, and ASML in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. In April 2000, we reached a settlement with Nikon, and in September 2001, we reached a settlement with Canon. In the patent litigation against ASML, a jury trial was conducted during the three-month period ended July 2, 2005. The jury reached a verdict that the patent was infringed, but that the asserted claims of the patent were invalid. We have filed a post-trial motion for a new trial and for judgment as a matter of law in our favor. ASML has also filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law. In addition, ASML has requested that the Court award costs in the amount of $450,000 and has reserved the right to seek attorneys’ fees. The Company has recorded an amount for court costs in our financial statements, but we believe the possible claim for attorneys’ fees would be without merit and we plan to vigorously defend ourselves against such a claim.

 

On July 11, 2003, we filed a lawsuit asserting infringement of certain claims related to U.S. patent No. 5,621,813 in the U.S. District Court in and for the Northern District of California. The Company received a decision from the Court on May 17, 2005. The Court found the subject “patent-in-suit” to be invalid. We plan to appeal this decision. The defendant has brought a motion for reimbursement of its attorneys’ fees and costs in a total asserted amount of approximately $2 million. We have filed our opposition to this motion and plan to defend our position vigorously. We believe this claim for attorneys’ fees to be without merit and do not consider it probable that we will eventually pay such amounts. Accordingly, we have not recorded this potential cost in our results of operations.

 

We are involved in other lawsuits and legal actions regarding infringement claims, and we have from time to time been notified of claims that we may be infringing intellectual property rights possessed by third parties. We believe that the outcome of these matters will not be material to our business or financial condition, though currently we are spending significant resources on litigation matters, in particular in connection with the patent infringement lawsuits described above. Some of the Company’s customers have received notices of infringement from Technivision Corporation and the Lemelson Medical, Education and Research Foundation, Limited Partnership (“Lemelson”) alleging that the manufacture of certain semiconductor products and/or the equipment used to manufacture those semiconductor products infringes certain issued patents regarding machine vision technology. The Company has been notified by certain of these customers that the Company may be obligated to defend or settle claims if the Company’s products infringe any such patents and, in the event it is subsequently determined that the customer infringes any of such patents, they intend to seek reimbursement from the Company for damages and other expenses resulting from this matter. The Company believes that its machine vision technology does not infringe the patent rights of other parties.

 

Infringement claims by third parties or claims for indemnification resulting from infringement claims may be asserted in the future and such assertions could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, regardless of the outcome of any litigation. With respect to any such future claims, we may seek to obtain a license under the third party’s intellectual property rights. However, a license may not be available on reasonable terms or at all. We could decide, in the alternative, to resort to litigation to challenge such claims. Such challenges could be expensive and time consuming and could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, regardless of the outcome of any litigation.

 

Cyclicality of Semiconductor, Semiconductor Packaging and Nanotechnology Industries   Our business depends in significant part upon capital expenditures by manufacturers of semiconductors, bumped semiconductors and nanotechnology

 

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components, including thin film head magnetic recording devices, which in turn depend upon the current and anticipated market demand for such devices and products utilizing such devices. The semiconductor industry historically has been highly cyclical and has experienced recurring periods of oversupply. This has, from time to time, resulted in significantly reduced demand for capital equipment including the systems manufactured and marketed by us. We believe that markets for new generations of semiconductors and semiconductor packaging will also be subject to similar fluctuations. Our business and operating results would be materially adversely affected by downturns or slowdowns in the semiconductor packaging market or by loss of market share. Accordingly, we may not be able to achieve or maintain our current or prior level of sales. We attempt to mitigate the risk of cyclicality by participating in multiple markets including semiconductor, semiconductor packaging, thin film head and other nanotechnology sectors, as well as diversifying into new markets such as photolithography for optical networking (a nanotechnology application) and laser-based annealing for implant activation and other applications. Despite such efforts, when one or more of such markets experiences a downturn or a situation of excess capacity, our net sales and operating results are materially adversely affected.

 

Highly Competitive Industry    The capital equipment industry in which we operate is intensely competitive. A substantial investment is required to install and integrate capital equipment into a semiconductor, semiconductor packaging or nanotechnology device production line. We believe that once a device manufacturer or packaging subcontractor has selected a particular vendor’s capital equipment, the manufacturer generally relies upon that equipment for the specific production line application and, to the extent possible, subsequent generations of similar products. Accordingly, it is difficult to achieve significant sales to a particular customer once another vendor’s capital equipment has been selected.

 

We experience competition in advanced packaging from various proximity aligner companies such as Suss Microtec AG (Suss Microtec) and projection companies such as Ushio, Inc. (Ushio) and Tamarack Scientific Co., Inc. (Tamarack). In nanotechnology, we experience competition from proximity aligner companies, such as Suss Microtec, as well as other stepper manufacturers who have developed or are developing tools specifically designed for nanotechnology applications. We expect our competitors to continue to improve the performance of their current products and to introduce new products with improved price and performance characteristics. This could cause a decline in sales or loss of market acceptance of our steppers in our served markets, and thereby materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Enhancements to, or future generations of, competing products may be developed that offer superior cost of ownership and technical performance features.

 

With respect to our laser annealing technologies, marketed under the LSA100 product name, the primary competition comes from companies such as Applied Materials, Inc., Mattson Technology, Inc., and Axcelis Technologies, Inc. that offer products utilizing rapid thermal processing (RTP), which is the current prevailing manufacturing technology. RTP does not prevent semiconductor device manufacturers from scaling the lateral dimensions of their transistors to obtain improved performance, but diffusion resulting from the time scales associated with RTP limits the vertical dimension of the junctions. Faster annealing times result in shallower and more abrupt junctions and faster transistors. We believe our annealing technology results in faster transistors for a given size. We believe that RTP manufacturers recognize the need to reduce thermal cycle times and are working toward this goal. In July 2000, we licensed certain rights to our then existing laser processing technology, with reservations, to a competing manufacturer of semiconductor equipment. We presently anticipate that this company will offer laser-annealing tools to the semiconductor industry that will compete with our offerings.

 

Another potential advanced annealing solution utilizes flash lamp annealing technology (FLA). Several companies have published papers on annealing tools that incorporate flash lamp technology in order to reduce annealing times and increase anneal temperatures. Developers of FLA technology claim to have overcome annealing difficulties at the 65nm node. This technique, which employs xenon flash lamps, has shown improvements over RTP in junction depth and sheet resistance, but we believe FLA will suffer from pattern-related non-uniformities. Our proprietary laser processing solution has been specifically developed to provide junction annealing on near-instantaneous time-scales, while maintaining low sheet resistance. Laser spike annealing, the first implementation of laser processing, activates dopants in the microsecond-to-millisecond time frame without melting. Research indicates that, at temperatures just below the melting point of silicon, time durations in the microsecond to millisecond range, are required to achieve full activation, and dopant diffusion is minimal.

 

Additionally, competition to our laser processing products may come from other laser annealing tools, including those presently being used by the flat panel display industry to re-crystallize silicon. Manufacturers of these tools may try to extend the use of their technologies to semiconductor device applications.

 

We believe that being competitive will continue to require that significant financial resources be invested in new product development, new features and enhancements to existing products, and the introduction of new generation stepper systems in our served markets on a timely basis, and maintaining customer service and support centers worldwide. In marketing our products, we may also face competition from vendors employing other technologies. In addition, increased competitive pressure has led to intensified price-based competition in certain of our markets, resulting in lower prices and margins. Should these competitive trends continue, our business, financial condition and operating results may be materially adversely affected.

 

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Customer and Market Concentrations   Historically, we have sold a substantial portion of our systems to a limited number of customers. In the second quarter and first half of 2005, our top five customers accounted for 56% and 55% of our total systems sales, respectively. In 2004, Intel Corporation accounted for 10% of our net sales. We expect that sales to a relatively few customers will continue to account for a high percentage of our net sales in the foreseeable future and believe that our financial results depend in significant part upon the success of these major customers and our ability to meet their future capital equipment needs. Although the composition of the group comprising our largest customers may vary from period to period, the loss of a significant customer or any reduction in orders by a significant customer, including reductions due to market, economic or competitive conditions in the semiconductor, semiconductor packaging or nanotechnology industries or in the industries that manufacture products utilizing integrated circuits, thin film heads or other nanotechnology components, would likely have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our ability to maintain or increase our sales in the future depends, in part, on our ability to obtain orders from new customers as well as the financial condition and success of our existing customers, the semiconductor and nanotechnology industries and the economy in general.

 

In addition to the business risks associated with dependence on a few major customers, these significant customer concentrations have in the past resulted in significant concentrations of accounts receivable. These significant and concentrated receivables expose us to additional risks, including the risk of default by one or more customers representing a significant portion of our total receivables. If we were required to take additional accounts receivable reserves, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

 

On a market application basis, sales to the semiconductor industry, primarily for advanced packaging applications, accounted for approximately 68% and 63% of system revenue for the first half of 2005 and 2004, respectively. During the first half of 2005 and 2004, approximately 32% and 37%, respectively, of our systems revenue was derived from sales to nanotechnology manufacturers, including micro systems, thin film head and optical device manufacturers. Our future operating results and financial condition would be materially adversely impacted by a downturn in any of these market segments, or by loss of market share in any of these segments.

 

A growing portion of our backlog of system orders is comprised of laser spike annealing tools. To date, we have limited experience with this technology and we are presently in the installation and customer acceptance cycles for several beta systems. Should significant demand not materialize, due to technical, production, market, or other factors, the Company’s business, financial position and results of operations would be materially adversely impacted.

 

Rapid Technological Change; Importance of Timely Product Introduction   The semiconductor and nanotechnology manufacturing industries are subject to rapid technological change and new product introductions and enhancements. Our ability to be competitive in these and other markets will depend, in part, upon our ability to develop new and enhanced systems and related software tools, and to introduce these systems and related software tools at competitive prices and on a timely and cost-effective basis to enable customers to integrate them into their operations either prior to or as they begin volume product manufacturing. We will also be required to enhance the performance of our existing systems and related software tools. Our success in developing new and enhanced systems and related software tools depends upon a variety of factors, including product selection, timely and efficient completion of product design, timely and efficient implementation of manufacturing and assembly processes, product performance in the field and effective sales and marketing. Because new product development commitments must be made well in advance of sales, new product decisions must anticipate both future demand and the technology that will be available to supply that demand. We may not be successful in selecting, developing, manufacturing or marketing new products and related software tools or enhancing our existing products and related software tools. Any such failure would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Because of the large number of components in our systems, significant delays can occur between a system’s introduction and the commencement by Ultratech of volume production of such systems. We have experienced delays from time to time in the introduction of and technical and manufacturing difficulties with, certain of our systems and enhancements and related software features and options, and may experience delays and technical and manufacturing difficulties in future introductions or volume production of new systems or enhancements and related software features and options.

 

We may encounter additional technical, manufacturing or other difficulties that could further delay future introductions or volume production of systems or enhancements. Our inability to complete the development or meet the technical specifications of any of our systems or enhancements and related software tools, or our inability to manufacture and ship these systems or enhancements and related software tools in volume and in time to meet the requirements for manufacturing the future generation of semiconductor or nanotechnology devices, would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, we may incur substantial unanticipated costs to ensure the functionality and reliability of our products early in the products’ life cycles. If new products have reliability or quality problems, reduced orders or higher manufacturing costs, delays in customer acceptance, revenue recognition and collecting accounts receivable and additional service and warranty expenses may result. Any of such events may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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International Sales   International net sales accounted for approximately 75% and 69% of total net sales for the first half of 2005 and 2004, respectively.   International net sales accounted for approximately 65% and 61% of total net sales for the years 2004 and 2003, respectively. We anticipate that international sales, which typically have lower gross margins than domestic sales, principally due to increased competition and higher field service and support costs, will continue to account for a significant portion of total net sales. As a result, a significant portion of our net sales will continue to be subject to certain risks, including unexpected changes in regulatory requirements; difficulty in satisfying existing regulatory requirements; exchange rate fluctuations; tariffs and other barriers; political and economic instability; difficulties in accounts receivable collections; natural disasters; difficulties in staffing and managing foreign subsidiary and branch operations; and potentially adverse tax consequences.

 

Although we generally transact our international sales in U.S. dollars, international sales expose us to a number of additional risk factors, including fluctuations in the value of local currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, which, in turn, impact the relative cost of ownership of our products and may further impact the purchasing ability of our international customers. However, in Japan, we have direct sales operations and orders are often denominated in Japanese yen. This may subject us to a higher degree of risk from currency fluctuations. We attempt to mitigate this exposure through the use of foreign currency forward exchange contracts. We are also subject to the risks associated with the imposition of legislation and regulations relating to the import or export of semiconductors and nanotechnology products. We cannot predict whether the United States or any other country will implement changes to quotas, duties, taxes or other charges or restrictions upon the importation or exportation of our products. These factors, or the adoption of restrictive policies, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Changes to Financial Accounting Standards May Affect the Company’s Reported Results of Operations   We prepare our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or U.S. GAAP. These principles are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting policies. A change in those policies can have a significant effect on our reported results and may affect our reporting of transactions completed before a change is announced.

 

Accounting policies affecting many other aspects of our business, including rules relating to revenue recognition, off-balance sheet transactions, employee stock options, restructurings, asset disposals, intangible assets, derivative and other financial instruments, and in-process research and development charges, have recently been revised or are under review. Changes to those rules or the questioning of how we interpret or implement those rules may have a material adverse effect on our reported financial results or on the way we conduct business. In addition, our preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires that we make estimates and assumptions that affect the recorded amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of those assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the recorded amounts of expenses during the reporting period. A change in the facts and circumstances surrounding those estimates could result in a change to our estimates and could impact our future operating results.

 

Sole or Limited Sources of Supply   Our manufacturing activities consist of assembling and testing components and subassemblies, which are then integrated into finished systems. We rely on a limited number of outside suppliers and subcontractors to manufacture certain components and subassemblies. We order one of the most critical components of our technology, the glass for our 1X lenses, from external suppliers. We design the 1X lenses and provide the lens specifications and the glass to other suppliers, who then grind and polish the lens elements. We then assemble and test the optical 1X lenses.

 

We procure some of our other critical systems’ components, subassemblies and services from single outside suppliers or a limited group of outside suppliers in order to ensure overall quality and timeliness of delivery. Many of these components and subassemblies have significant production lead times. To date, we have been able to obtain adequate services and supplies of components and subassemblies for our systems in a timely manner. However, disruption or termination of certain of these sources could result in a significant adverse impact on our ability to manufacture our systems. This, in turn, would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our reliance on a sole or a limited group of suppliers and our reliance on subcontractors involve several risks, including a potential inability to obtain an adequate supply of required components due to the suppliers’ failure or inability to provide such components in a timely manner, or at all, and reduced control over pricing and timely delivery of components. Although the timeliness, yield and quality of deliveries to date from our subcontractors have been acceptable, manufacture of certain of these components and subassemblies is an extremely complex process, and long lead-times are required. Any inability to obtain adequate deliveries or any other circumstance that would require us to seek alternative sources of supply or to manufacture such components internally could delay our ability to ship our products, which could damage relationships with current and prospective customers and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Dependence on Key Personnel   Our future operating results depend, in significant part, upon the continued contributions of key personnel, many of whom would be difficult to replace. We have entered into employment agreements with only a

 

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limited number of our employees, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer. All of our employees are employed “at will.” Some of these agreements contain vesting acceleration and severance payment provisions that could result in significant costs or charges to us should the employee be terminated without cause, die or have a disability. We do not maintain any life insurance on any of our key people. The loss of key personnel could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of Ultratech. In addition, our future operating results depend in significant part upon our ability to attract and retain other qualified management, manufacturing, technical, sales and support personnel for our operations. There are only a limited number of persons with the requisite skills to serve in these positions and it may become increasingly difficult for us to hire such personnel over time. At times, competition for such personnel has been intense, particularly in the San Francisco Bay Area where we maintain our headquarters and principal operations, and there can be no assurance that we will be successful in attracting or retaining such personnel. The failure to attract or retain such persons would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Volatility of Stock Price and Dilutive Impact of Employee Stock Options   We believe that factors such as announcements of developments related to our business, fluctuations in our operating results, a shortfall in revenue or earnings, changes in analysts’ expectations, general conditions in the semiconductor and nanotechnology industries or the worldwide or regional economies, sales of our securities into the marketplace, an outbreak or escalation of hostilities, announcements of technological innovations or new products or enhancements by us or our competitors, developments in patents or other intellectual property rights and developments in our relationships with our customers and suppliers could cause the price of our Common Stock to fluctuate, perhaps substantially. The market price of our Common Stock has fluctuated significantly in the past and we expect it to continue to experience significant fluctuations in the future, including fluctuations that may be unrelated to our performance.

 

As of July 2, 2005, we had options to purchase approximately 6.3 million shares of our Common Stock outstanding. Among other determinants, the market price of our stock has a major bearing on the number of shares subject to outstanding stock options that are included in the weighted-average shares used in determining our net income (loss) per share. During periods of extreme volatility, the impact of higher stock prices can have a materially dilutive effect on our net income (loss) per share. Additionally, options are excluded from the calculation of net income (loss) per share when we have a net loss or when the exercise price of the stock option is greater than the average market price of our Common Stock, as the impact of the stock options would be anti-dilutive.

 

Effects of Certain Anti-Takeover Provisions   Certain provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation, equity incentive plans, Shareholder Rights Plan, licensing agreements, Bylaws and Delaware law may discourage certain transactions involving a change in control of our company. In addition to the foregoing, our classified board of directors, the shareholdings of Ultratech’s officers, directors and persons or entities that may be deemed affiliates and the ability of the Board of Directors to issue “blank check” preferred stock without further stockholder approval could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of Ultratech and may adversely affect the voting and other rights of holders of Common Stock.

 

Changes in Securities Laws and Regulations Have Increased Our Costs   The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 required changes in our corporate governance, public disclosure and compliance practices. The number of rules and regulations applicable to us has increased, and will continue to increase, our legal and financial compliance costs, and has made some activities more difficult, such as by requiring stockholder approval of new option plans. In addition, we have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant costs in connection with compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act regarding internal control over financial reporting. We expect ongoing costs to maintain compliance to be between one and two million dollars annually. We also expect these developments to make it more difficult and more expensive to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept reduced coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain coverage. These developments could make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our board of directors, particularly to serve on our audit committee, and qualified executive officers. In addition, in connection with our Section 404 certification process, we may identify from time to time deficiencies in our internal control. Any material weakness or deficiency in our internal control over financial reporting could materially and negatively impact our reported financial results and the market price of our stock could significantly decline. Additionally, adverse publicity related to the disclosure of a material weakness or deficiency in internal control over financial reporting could have a negative impact on our reputation, business and stock price.

 

California Manufacturing Location   We perform all of our manufacturing activities (final assembly, system testing and certain subassembly activities) in clean room environments totaling approximately 26,000 square feet located in San Jose, California. Performing manufacturing operations in California exposes us to a higher risk of natural disasters, including earthquakes. In addition, in the past California has experienced power shortages, which have interrupted our operations. Such shortages could occur in the future and could again interrupt our operations resulting in product shipment delays, increased costs and other problems, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, customer relationships and

 

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results of operations. We are not insured against natural disasters and power shortages and the occurrence of such an event could have a material adverse impact our results of operations.

 

Environmental Regulations   We are subject to a variety of governmental regulations relating to the use, storage, discharge, handling, emission, generation, manufacture and disposal of toxic or other hazardous substances. We believe that we are currently in compliance in all material respects with such regulations and that we have obtained all necessary environmental permits to conduct our business. Nevertheless, the failure to comply with current or future regulations could result in substantial fines being imposed on us, suspension of production, alteration of the manufacturing process or cessation of operations. Such regulations could require us to acquire expensive remediation equipment or to incur substantial expenses to comply with environmental regulations. Any failure by us to control the use, disposal or storage of, or adequately restrict the discharge of, hazardous or toxic substances could subject us to significant liabilities.

 

Terrorist Attacks and Threats, and Government Responses Thereto, May Negatively Impact Our Operations, Revenues, Costs and Stock Price   Terrorist attacks in the United States and elsewhere, government responses thereto, and military actions in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere, may disrupt our operations or those of our customers and suppliers and may affect the availability of materials needed to manufacture our products or the means to transport those materials to manufacturing facilities and finished products to customers. In addition, any of these events could increase volatility in the United States and world financial markets which may depress the price of our Common Stock and may limit the capital resources available to us or our customers or suppliers, which could result in decreased orders from customers, less favorable financing terms from suppliers, and scarcity or increased costs of materials and components of our products. Additionally, terrorist attacks on Ultratech itself may significantly disrupt our ability to conduct our business. Any of these occurrences could have a significant impact on our operating results, revenues and costs and may result in increased volatility of the market price of our Common Stock.

 

Information Available on Company Web-site

 

Ultratech’s web-site is located at www.ultratech.com . We make available, free of charge, through our web-site, our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K (and amendments to those reports), as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed electronically with the SEC. We have adopted a Code of Ethics for our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. We have posted this Code of Ethics on our web-site. Any future amendments to this Code will also be posted on our web-site.

 

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Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Reference is made to Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 and to the subheading “Derivative Instruments and Hedging” in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, under the heading “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.

 

Interest rate risk

 

Our exposure to market risk due to potential changes in interest rates, relates primarily to our investment portfolio, which consisted primarily of fixed interest rate instruments as of July 2, 2005. We maintain an investment policy designed to ensure the safety and preservation of our invested funds by limiting market risk and the risk of default.

 

Certain of our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments serve as collateral for a line of credit we maintain with a brokerage firm. The line of credit is used for liquidity purposes, mitigating the need to liquidate investments in order to meet our current operating cash requirements.

 

Foreign Currency Risk Management

 

The majority of our revenue, expense and capital purchasing activities are transacted in U.S. dollars. However, we do enter into these transactions in other currencies, primarily Japanese Yen. To protect against reductions in value and the volatility of future cash flows caused by changes in currency exchange rates we have established transaction and balance sheet hedging programs. We use foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the risk that unremitted Japanese yen denominated receipts from customers for actual or forecasted sales of equipment after receipt of customer orders may be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. After recording revenue, we use various mechanisms, such as foreign currency forward exchange contracts and natural hedges, to offset substantial portions of the potential gains or losses associated with our Japanese yen denominated assets and liabilities due to exchange rate fluctuations. At July 2, 2005, we had taken action to hedge approximately 100% of these Japanese yen denominated exposures. In addition to natural hedges resulting from having both assets and liabilities denominated in Japanese yen, we enter into foreign currency forward contracts that generally have maturities of nine months or less. We often close foreign currency forward contracts by entering into an offsetting contract. At July 2, 2005, we had contracts for the sale of $12.3 million of Japanese yen at fixed rates of exchange. Our hedging programs reduce, but do not always entirely eliminate, the impact of currency movements.

 

24



 

Item 4.   Controls and Procedures

 

We conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this report (the “Evaluation Date”). Based upon the evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that as of the Evaluation Date our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, our management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. Management is further required to apply judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended July 2, 2005 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

25



 

PART II:

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings.

 

 

 

 

 

On February 29, 2000, we filed lawsuits asserting patent infringement and related claims against Nikon, Canon, and ASML in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. In April 2000, we reached a settlement with Nikon, and in September 2001, we reached a settlement with Canon. In the patent litigation against ASML, a jury trial was conducted during the three-month period ended July 2, 2005. The jury reached a verdict that the patent was infringed, but that the asserted claims of the patent were invalid. We have filed a post-trial motion for a new trial and for judgment as a matter of law in our favor. ASML has also filed a motion for judgment as a matter of law. In addition, ASML has requested that the Court award costs in the amount of $450,000 and has reserved the right to seek attorneys’ fees. The Company has recorded an amount for court costs in our financial statements, but we believe the possible claim for attorneys’ fees would be without merit and we plan to vigorously defend ourselves against such a claim.

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds .

 

None.

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information.

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6

 

Exhibits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

26



 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

ULTRATECH, INC.

(Registrant)

 

 

Date:

August 5, 2005

 

By:

/s/Bruce R. Wright

 

 

 

 

Bruce R. Wright

 

 

 

Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial

 

 

 

Officer (Duly Authorized Officer and Principal

 

 

 

Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

27



 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

28


Exhibit 31.1

 

I, Arthur Zafiropoulo, certify that:

 

1.      I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Ultratech, Inc.;

 

2.      Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.      Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.      The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)      Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared; and

 

b)     Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; and

 

c)      Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d)     Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.      The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)      All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b)     Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: August 5, 2005

/s/ ARTHUR ZAFIROPOULO

 

 

Arthur Zafiropoulo

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

 


Exhibit 31.2

 

I, Bruce Wright, certify that:

 

1.      I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Ultratech, Inc.;

 

2.      Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3.      Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4.      The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

a)      Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared; and

 

b)     Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; and

 

c)      Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

d)     Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5.      The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)      All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

b)     Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: August 5, 2005

/s/ BRUCE WRIGHT

 

 

Bruce Wright

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 


Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATIONS OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Arthur Zafiropoulo, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge:

 

      the Quarterly Report of Ultratech, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the period ended July 2, 2005 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

      the information contained in such Quarterly Report fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations of Ultratech, Inc.

 

By:

/s/ ARTHUR ZAFIROPOULO

 

 

Name: Arthur Zafiropoulo

 

Title: Chief Executive Officer

 

 

I, Bruce Wright, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge:

 

      the Quarterly Report of Ultratech, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the period ended July 2, 2005 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

      the information contained in such Quarterly Report fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations of Ultratech, Inc.

 

By:

/s/ BRUCE WRIGHT

 

 

Name: Bruce Wright

 

Title: Chief Financial Officer

 

 


*A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to Ultratech, Inc. and will be retained by Ultratech, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 




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