Ultratech, Inc.
ULTRATECH INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 07/31/2008 16:31:47)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 28, 2008
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to
Commission File Number 0-22248
ULTRATECH, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
DELAWARE   94-3169580
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
     
3050 Zanker Road, San Jose, California   95134
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (408) 321-8835
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer þ   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
     
Class   Outstanding as of July 28, 2008
     
common stock, $.001 par value   23,477,008
 
 
 

 


 

ULTRATECH, INC.
INDEX
       
     
   
   
   
   
   
  13   
  20   
  20   
     
  21   
  21   
  28   
  28   
  29   
  29   
  30   
  31   
  EXHIBIT 31.1
  EXHIBIT 31.2
  EXHIBIT 32.1

2


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
ULTRATECH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
                 
    June 28,     December 31,  
(In thousands )   2008     2007*  
    (Unaudited)          
ASSETS
               
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 116,284     $ 54,586  
Short-term investments
    25,134       77,412  
Accounts receivable, net
    20,839       30,562  
Inventories, net
    34,106       29,128  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    4,028       3,874  
 
           
Total current assets
    200,391       195,562  
 
               
Equipment and leasehold improvements, net
    14,611       16,826  
Demonstration inventories
    3,919       3,652  
Other assets
    2,803       2,601  
 
           
 
               
Total assets
  $ 221,724     $ 218,641  
 
           
 
               
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Notes payable
  $ 3,700     $ 5,794  
Accounts payable
    11,284       8,200  
Deferred product and services income
    3,602       10,161  
Other current liabilities
    11,838       9,552  
 
           
Total current liabilities
    30,424       33,707  
 
               
Other liabilities
    7,498       7,534  
 
               
Stockholders’ equity
    183,802       177,400  
 
           
 
               
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 221,724     $ 218,641  
 
           
 
*   The Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2007 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date.
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

3


Table of Contents

ULTRATECH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,     June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands, except per share amounts)   2008     2007     2008     2007  
Net sales:
                               
Products
  $ 27,254     $ 26,296     $ 54,202     $ 9,803  
Services
    4,407       3,615       8,595       7,476  
Licenses
    400       100       400       100  
 
                       
Total net sales
    32,061       30,011       63,197       57,379  
 
                               
Cost of sales:
                               
Cost of products sold
    14,539       14,413       28,216       28,873  
Cost of services
    2,337       2,422       4,432       4,530  
 
                       
Total cost of sales
    16,876       16,835       32,648       33,403  
 
                       
Gross profit
    15,185       13,176       30,549       23,976  
 
                               
Operating expenses:
                               
Research, development, and engineering
    5,811       5,836       11,782       11,800  
Selling, general, and administrative
    7,648       7,561       16,160       16,863  
 
                       
Operating income (loss)
    1,726       (221 )     2,607       (4,687 )
 
                               
Interest expense
    (27 )     (138 )     (99 )     (471 )
Interest and other income, net
    1,065       1,446       2,374       3,115  
 
                       
Income (loss) before income tax
    2,764       1,087       4,882       (2,043 )
Provision for income taxes
    180       67       346       182  
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,584     $ 1,020     $ 4,536     $ (2,225 )
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss) per share - basic
  $ 0.11     $ 0.04     $ 0.19     $ (0.10 )
Number of shares used in per share computations - basic
    23,488       23,368       23,472       23,395  
Net income (loss) per share - diluted
  $ 0.11     $ 0.04     $ 0.19     $ (0.10 )
Number of shares used in per share computations - diluted
    23,823       23,467       23,576       23,395  
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

4


Table of Contents

ULTRATECH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
                 
    Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007  
Cash flows from operating activities:
               
Net income (loss)
  $ 4,536     $ (2,225 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation
    3,068       3,090  
Amortization
    608       428  
Accretion of asset retirement obligations
    77       74  
Loss (gain) on disposal of equipment
    (3 )     4  
Stock-based compensation
    1,167       761  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
    9,723       (1,833 )
Inventories, net
    (4,813 )     2,220  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    (154 )     118  
Demonstration inventories
    (668 )      
Other assets
    (145 )     1,257  
Accounts payable
    3,084       (3,404 )
Deferred product and services income
    (6,559 )     3,294  
Other current liabilities
    2,708       (675 )
Other liabilities
    (514 )     (1,261 )
 
           
Net cash provided by operating activities
    12,115       1,848  
 
           
 
               
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Capital expenditures
    (1,228 )     (384 )
Proceeds from sales of fixed assets
    3        
Purchase of investments
    (47,219 )     (16,756 )
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments
    99,242       24,559  
 
           
Net cash provided by investing activities
    50,798       7,419  
 
           
 
               
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Proceeds from notes payable
    31,116       17,570  
Repayment of notes payable
    (33,210 )     (14,839 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
    950       1,020  
 
           
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    (1,144 )     3,751  
 
           
 
               
Net effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
    (71 )     (134 )
 
           
 
               
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
    61,698       12,884  
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    54,586       23,883  
 
           
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 116,284     $ 36,767  
 
           
 
               
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
               
Other non-cash activities:
               
Capital lease of phone system
  $ 42     $  
Systems transferred to inventory from equipment and other assets
  $ 165     $ 1,503  
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

5


Table of Contents

Ultratech, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
June 28, 2008
(1) Description of Business
Ultratech, Inc. (referred to as “Ultratech,” the “Company” and “we”) develops, manufactures and markets photolithography and laser thermal processing equipment for manufacturers of integrated circuits and nanotechnology components located throughout North America, Europe, Japan, Taiwan and the rest of Asia.
We supply step-and-repeat photolithography systems based on one-to-one imaging technology. Within the integrated circuits industry, we target the market for advanced packaging applications. Within the nanotechnology industry, our target markets include thin film head magnetic recording devices, ink jet print heads, laser diodes and light emitting diodes (“LEDs”). Our laser thermal processing equipment is targeted at advanced annealing applications within the semiconductor industry.
In evaluating our business segments, we gave consideration to the Chief Executive Officer’s review of financial information and the organizational structure of our management. Based on this review, we concluded that, at the present time, resources are allocated and other financial decisions are made based on our consolidated financial information. Accordingly, we have determined that we operate in one business segment, which is the manufacture and distribution of capital equipment to manufacturers of integrated circuits and nanotechnology components.
(2) Basis of Presentation
We have prepared the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In our opinion, all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for fair presentation, have been included.
Our fiscal period ends on the Saturday closest to month-end, except that our fiscal year ends on December 31. All references to the quarter refer to our fiscal quarter. Our fiscal quarters covered by this report ended on June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007.
Operating results for the three and six months ended June 28, 2008 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2008 or any future period.
USE OF ESTIMATES — The preparation of the financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. By their nature, these estimates and judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to inventories, warranty obligations, purchase order commitments, asset retirement obligations, bad debts, estimated useful lives of fixed assets, asset impairment, income taxes, intangible assets, contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other analyses and assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
IMPACT OF RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS — In December 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 141 (revised 2007), Business Combinations (“SFAS No. 141R”). SFAS No. 141R establishes principles and requirements for how an acquirer recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree and the goodwill acquired. SFAS No. 141R also establishes disclosure requirements to enable the evaluation of the nature and financial effects of the business combination. SFAS No. 141R is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. We do not expect the adoption of this statement to have an impact on our results of operations or financial position.

6


Table of Contents

In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements—an amendment of Accounting Research Bulletin No. 51 (“SFAS No. 160”). SFAS No. 160 establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest, and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. SFAS No. 160 also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS No. 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. We do not expect the adoption of this statement to have an impact on our results of operations or financial position as all of our subsidiaries are wholly owned by us.
In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 157-2, Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157 , which delays the effective date of SFAS No. 157, Fair Value Measurement (“SFAS No. 157”), for all nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually), until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. SFAS No. 157 establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. These nonfinancial items include assets and liabilities such as reporting units measured at fair value in a goodwill impairment test and nonfinancial assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, of adopting the deferred portion of SFAS 157 to the nonrecurring fair value measurements of our nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities.
In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities—an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133 (“SFAS No. 161”) , which requires enhanced disclosures about an entity’s derivative and hedging activities. The statement requires that objectives for using derivative instruments be disclosed in terms of underlying risk and accounting designation. SFAS No. 161 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 and interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier adoption encouraged. We do not expect the adoption of this statement to have an impact on our results of operations or financial position.
(3) Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense recognized under SFAS No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment (“SFAS No. 123R”), for employees and directors and the effect on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,     June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007     2008     2007  
Cost of Sales
  $ 52     $ 50     $ 80     $ 83  
Research, development, and engineering
    116       78       223       156  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    477       274       864       522  
 
                       
Total stock-based compensation expense
  $ 645     $ 402     $ 1,167     $ 761  
 
                       
Compensation cost capitalized as part of inventory was immaterial during each of the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007.
As required by SFAS No. 123R, we estimate expected option forfeitures and recognize compensation costs only for those equity awards expected to vest. As of June 28, 2008, there were $4.9 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements granted under our 1993 Stock Option Plan/Stock Issuance Plan, as amended, and our 1998 Supplemental Stock Option/Stock Issuance Plan, as amended (collectively, the “Plans”). That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.6 years.
These Plans provide for the grant of stock-based awards to our eligible employees, consultants and advisors and non-employee directors. We believe that such awards better align the interests of our employees with those of our stockholders. As of June 28, 2008, there was a total of 1.9 million shares reserved for future awards under these Plans.
We used the following weighted-average assumptions to estimate the fair value of our stock options granted during the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007:
                             
    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 28,   June 30,   June 28,   June 30,
    2008   2007   2008   2007
Expected life (in years)
    5.33     *     5.33       4.94  
Risk-free interest rate
    2.95 %   *     2.80 %     4.80 %
Volatility factor
    0.44     *     0.48       0.48  
Dividend yield
        *        
 
*   Not presented as we did not grant any stock options during the three-month period ended June 30, 2007.

7


Table of Contents

(4) Net Income (Loss) Per Share
The following sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,     June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands, except per share amounts)   2008     2007     2008     2007  
Numerator:
                               
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,584     $ 1,020     $ 4,536     $ (2,225 )
 
                               
Denominator:
                               
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
    23,488       23,368       23,472       23,395  
Effect of dilutive employee stock options and restricted stock units
    335       99       104        
 
                       
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
    23,823       23,467       23,576       23,395  
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss) per share - basic:
                               
Net income (loss)
  $ 0.11     $ 0.04     $ 0.19     ($ 0.10 )
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss) per share - diluted:
                               
Net income (loss)
  $ 0.11     $ 0.04     $ 0.19     ($ 0.10 )
 
                       
For the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008, 2.9 million and 4.6 million shares of common stock, respectively, subject to outstanding options were excluded from the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share, as the effect would have been anti-dilutive, compared to 4.7 million and 5.7 million shares of common stock subject to outstanding option in the corresponding periods of 2007. In addition, for each of the six-month periods ended June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007, 0.1 million shares of common stock underlying outstanding restricted stock units were excluded from the computation as well. For the three months ended June 28, 2008, there were no shares of common stock underlying outstanding restricted stock units excluded from the computation compared to 0.1 million shares in the corresponding period of 2007. Options and restricted stock units are anti-dilutive when we have a net loss or when the exercise price and the average unrecognized compensation cost of the stock option or restricted stock unit is greater than the average market price of our common stock during the period.
(5) Fair Value Measurements
On January 1, 2008, we adopted SFAS No. 157 for financial assets and liabilities recognized at fair value on a recurring basis. In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 157-2, Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157 , which delays the effective date of SFAS No. 157 for all nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually), until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. These nonfinancial items include assets and liabilities such as reporting units measured at fair value in a goodwill impairment test and nonfinancial assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination.
Fair value is defined under SFAS No. 157 as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under SFAS No. 157 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. SFAS No. 157 describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value which are the following:
    Level 1 - Quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
 
    Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.
 
    Level 3 - Model derived valuations in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

8


Table of Contents

We measure certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis, including available-for-sale securities and foreign currency derivatives. The fair value of these certain financial assets and liabilities was determined using the following inputs at June 28, 2008:
                                 
    Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using  
            Quated Prices in              
            Active Markets for     Significant Other     Significant  
            Identical Assets     Observable Inputs     Unobservable Inputs  
(In thousands)   Total     (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)  
Available-for-sale securities (1)
  $ 113,749     $ 22,123     $ 91,626     $  
Foreign currency derivatives (2)
    6             6        
 
                       
 
  $ 113,755     $ 22,123     $ 91,632     $  
 
                       
 
(1)   Included in cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
 
(2)   Included in current assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Our available-for-sale securities at June 28, 2008 consisted of U.S. treasury securities (74% of total), money market funds (19% of total), commercial paper (5% of total) and corporate notes (1% of total). Included in available-for-sale securities at June 28, 2008 were cash equivalents of $88.6 million. Cash equivalents consist primarily of instruments with remaining maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase.
Foreign currency derivatives at June 28, 2008 consisted of forward foreign exchange contracts for the Japanese yen.
(6) Inventories
Inventories consist of the following:
                 
    June 28,     December 31,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007  
Raw materials
  $ 18,751     $ 18,016  
Work-in-process
    13,040       6,938  
Finished products
    2,315       4,174  
 
           
 
  $ 34,106     $ 29,128  
 
           
(7) Notes Payable
We have a line of credit agreement with a brokerage firm. Under the terms of this agreement, we may borrow funds at a cost equal to the current Federal funds open rate plus 125 basis points (approximately 3.25% as of June 28, 2008). Certain of our cash, cash equivalents and investments secure borrowings outstanding under this facility, but we are not restricted in the use of those assets. Funds are advanced to us under this facility based on pre-determined advance rates on the cash and securities held by us in this brokerage account. This agreement has no set expiration date and there are no loan covenants, other than the aforementioned collateral requirement. As of June 28, 2008, $3.7 million was outstanding under this facility, with a related collateral requirement of approximately $4.9 million of our cash, cash equivalents and investments.
(8) Other Current Liabilities
Other current liabilities consist of the following:
                 
    June 28,     December 31,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007  
Salaries and benefits
  $ 3,767     $ 3,545  
Warranty accrual
    1,841       2,112  
Advance billings
    2,243       115  
Accrued taxes-other
    2,402       863  
Reserve for losses on purchase order commitments
    120       508  
Capital lease, current portion
    109       99  
Other
    1,356       2,310  
 
           
 
  $ 11,838     $ 9,552  
 
           

9


Table of Contents

Warranty Accrual
We generally warrant our products for a period of 12 months for new products, or three months for refurbished products, from the date of customer acceptance for material and labor to repair the product; accordingly, an accrual for the estimated cost of the warranty is recorded at the time the product is shipped. Extended warranty terms, if granted, result in deferral of revenue equating to our standard pricing for similar service contracts. Recognition of the related warranty cost is deferred until product revenue is recognized. Factors that affect our warranty liability include the number of installed units, historical and anticipated rates of warranty claims, and cost per claim. We periodically assess the adequacy of our recorded warranty liabilities and adjust the amounts as necessary. We believe our warranty accrual, as of June 28, 2008, will be sufficient to satisfy outstanding obligations as of that date. Changes in our warranty accrual are as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,     June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007     2008     2007  
Balance, beginning of the period
  $ 1,947     $ 2,378     $ 2,112     $ 2,264  
Warranties accrued for shipments during the period
    665       852       1,210       1,913  
Settlements made during the period
    (721 )     (673 )     (1,206 )     (1,692 )
Changes in accrued warranty liabilities
    (50 )     (339 )     (275 )     (267 )
 
                       
Balance, end of the period
  $ 1,841     $ 2,218     $ 1,841     $ 2,218  
 
                       
Deferred Services Revenue
We sell service contracts for which revenue is deferred and recognized ratably over the contract period for time based service contracts, or as service hours are delivered for contracts based on a purchased quantity of hours. Changes in our deferred service revenue are as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,     June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007     2008     2007  
Balance, beginning of the period
  $ 2,388     $ 2,295     $ 2,087     $ 2,444  
Service contracts sold during the period
    391       1,275       1,321       2,395  
Service contract revenue recognized during the period
    (692 )     (876 )     (1,321 )     (2,145 )
 
                       
Balance, end of the period
  $ 2,087     $ 2,694     $ 2,087     $ 2,694  
 
                       
(9) Other Liabilities
Other liabilities consist of the following:
                 
    June 28,     December 31,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007  
Deferred rent
  $ 1,815     $ 2,093  
Deferred compensation
    1,188       1,287  
Long-term income taxes payable
    792       363  
Asset retirement obligation
    2,146       2,222  
Postretirement medical obligation
    795       773  
Long-term capital lease
    442       463  
Other
    320       333  
 
           
 
  $ 7,498     $ 7,534  
 
           

10


Table of Contents

(10) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, are as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
    June 28,     June 30,     June 28,     June 30,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007     2008     2007  
Net income (loss)
  $ 2,584     $ 1,020     $ 4,536     $ (2,225 )
Other comprehensive income:
                               
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale investments before adjustment
    (414 )     (250 )     211       13  
Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net income
    (409 )           (409 )      
 
                       
Net unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale investments
    (823 )     (250 )     (198 )     13  
Unrealized gain (loss) on foreign exchange forward contracts
    7       (1 )     (72 )     (133 )
Change in minimum postretirement medical obligation
    9       7       19       18  
 
                       
Comprehensive income (loss)
  $ 1,777     $ 776     $ 4,285     $ (2,327 )
 
                       
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, is comprised of the following items:
                 
    June 28,     December 31,  
(In thousands)   2008     2007  
Unrealized gain (loss) on:
               
Available-for-sale investments
  $ 6     $ 204  
Foreign exchange forward contracts
    7       79  
Change in minimum postretirement medical obligation
    (173 )     (192 )
 
           
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at end of period
  $ (160 )   $ 91  
 
           
(11) Exit Activities
     Changes in our accrued severance and benefits charges in connection with exit activities are as follows:
                                                         
    Balance at                     Balance at                     Balance at  
    December 31,                     March 29,                     June 28,  
(In thousands)   2007     Expenses     Payments     2008     Expenses     Payments     2008  
Severance and benefits (2006)
  $ 46     $     $ (33 )   $ 13     $     $ (11 )   $ 2  
Severance and benefits (2007)
    382             (225 )     157             (157 )      
 
                                         
 
                                                   
Total
  $ 428     $     $ (258 )   $ 170     $     $ (168 )   $ 2  
 
                                         
We did not have any exit activity during the first two quarters of 2008 as compared to $0.7 million and $0.5 million recorded during the first and second quarter of 2007, respectively. As of June 28, 2008, the remaining balance of $2,000, which related to benefit payments for exit activities incurred in 2006, was fully paid in July 2008.
(12) Employee Benefit Plans
Employee bonus plans
We currently sponsor an executive incentive bonus plan that distributes employee awards based on the achievement of predetermined targets. We recorded a charge of $0.2 million and $0.5 million under this bonus plan for the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008, respectively, compared to no charge for the corresponding periods of 2007.
Employee savings and retirement plans
We sponsor a 401(k) employee salary deferral plan that allows voluntary contributions by all full-time employees of from 1% to 20% of their pretax earnings. Our contributions made to this plan were $0.1 million for each of the three-month periods ended June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007 and $0.2 million for each of the six-month periods then ended. Our contributions, limited to a maximum of $2,000 per year per employee, generally become 20 percent vested at the end of an employee’s first year of service from the date of hire, and vest 20 percent per year of service thereafter until they become fully vested at the end of five years of service. We also sponsor an executive non-qualified deferred compensation plan (the “Plan”) that allows qualifying executives to defer current cash compensation. As of June 28, 2008, Plan assets, representing the cash surrender value of life insurance policies held by us and liabilities were approximately $1.2 million each, respectively, and were included in our Consolidated Balance Sheets under the captions “other assets” and “other liabilities.” In conjunction with this Plan, the related expense for each of the quarters ended June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007 was immaterial.

11


Table of Contents

Postretirement benefits
We have committed to providing and fully paying for lifetime postretirement medical and dental benefits to the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and their spouses, commencing after retirement. We recorded net periodic benefit costs of $21,000 and $41,000 for the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008, respectively, compared to $13,000 and $26,000 for the corresponding periods of 2007. These expenses included interest cost and amortization of prior service cost.
(13) Income Taxes
In accordance with FASB Financial Interpretation Number 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes , we had unrecognized tax benefits of $3.3 million as of January 1, 2008. We continue to recognize interest and penalties as a component of income tax provision and accrued $56,000 for these items as of January 1, 2008.
If we are able to eventually recognize these uncertain tax positions, $2.9 million of our unrecognized benefit would reduce the effective tax rate. We currently have a full valuation allowance against our U.S. net deferred tax asset which would impact the timing of the effective tax rate benefit should any of these uncertain tax positions be favorably settled in the future. Over the next twelve months, we expect an immaterial decline in liabilities associated with our uncertain tax positions as a result of expiring statutes of limitations.
We are subject to federal and state tax examinations for years 1999 forward and 1997 forward, respectively, by virtue of the tax attributes carrying forward from those years. We are also subject to audits in the foreign jurisdictions in which we operate for years 2002 and forward. There are no tax examinations currently in progress.
(14) Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments
In September 2007, we sublet a portion of our facilities in San Jose, California and account for it as an operating lease. This sublease expires in January 2010. As of June 28, 2008, the minimum future sublease payments to be received were $1.0 million. In July 2007, we capitalized a five-year lease agreement for a new phone system recorded as office equipment. The amortization of this phone system is included with depreciation expense.
Legal Proceedings
On July 11, 2003, we filed a lawsuit against a Southern California company asserting infringement of certain claims related to U.S. patent No. 5,621,813 in the U.S. District Court in and for the Northern District of California. On May 17, 2005, the court found the subject patent to be invalid. We appealed this decision. The defendant subsequently brought a motion for reimbursement of its attorneys’ fees and costs in a total asserted amount of approximately $2 million. We opposed this motion, and on October 12, 2005, the District Court denied the defendant’s request for attorneys’ fees in its entirety. The defendant appealed that decision. On November 3, 2005, the defendant filed a notice of appeal with respect to the court’s ruling on its motion for attorneys’ fees. In March 2006, the Federal Circuit court upheld the district court’s ruling that the subject patent is invalid. On August 8, 2006, the Federal Circuit court upheld the District Court’s denial of attorneys’ fees. Neither side appealed the rulings by the Federal Circuit, and they are final.
In May 2006, the same company filed a state court lawsuit against us for malicious prosecution and abuse of process claiming that attorney’s fees, costs and other damages were due based on the outcome of a federal patent litigation suit described above. We do not believe this action has merit, particularly given the denial by the federal court of that company’s request to be awarded attorneys’ fees payable by us in the patent litigation and the subsequent federal appellate court’s affirmation of the order denying any such award. We filed a motion to have the state court complaint dismissed under California’s anti-strategic lawsuit against public participation (“anti-SLAPP”) and demurrer statutes. The anti-SLAPP statute is aimed at striking lawsuits that are brought in order to quash an individual’s constitutional rights to free speech or seeking redress of grievances (i.e., filing suit). The state court granted the anti-SLAPP motion as to the abuse of process claim, but denied it as to the malicious prosecution claim. We appealed the decision denying the anti-SLAPP motion as to the malicious prosecution claim but the Appellate Court upheld the Superior Court’s ruling. We intend to continue to vigorously pursue our rights in connection with this action.

12


Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Certain of the statements contained herein, which are not historical facts and which can generally be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “will,” “could,” “believes,” “estimates,” “continues,” and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements under Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that involve risks and uncertainties, such as risks related to our dependence on new product introductions and market acceptance of new products and enhanced versions of our existing products; lengthy sales cycles, including the timing of system installations and acceptances; lengthy and costly development cycles for laser-processing and lithography technologies and applications; integration, development and associated expenses of the laser processing operation; delays, deferrals and cancellations of orders by customers; cyclicality in the semiconductor and nanotechnology industries; general economic and financial market conditions including impact to capital spending; pricing pressures and product discounts; high degree of industry competition; intellectual property matters; changes to financial accounting standards; changes in pricing by us, our competitors or suppliers; customer concentration; international sales; timing of new product announcements and releases by us or our competitors; ability to volume produce systems and meet customer requirements; sole or limited sources of supply; ability and resulting costs to attract or retain sufficient personnel to achieve our targets for a particular period; dilutive effect of employee stock option grants on net income per share, which is largely dependent upon us achieving and maintaining profitability and the market price of our stock; mix of products sold; rapid technological change and the importance of timely product introductions; outcome of litigation; manufacturing variances and production levels; timing and degree of success of technologies licensed to outside parties; product concentration and lack of product revenue diversification; inventory obsolescence; asset impairment; effects of certain anti-takeover provisions; future acquisitions; volatility of stock price; foreign government regulations and restrictions; business interruptions due to natural disasters or utility failures; environmental regulations; and any adverse effects of terrorist attacks in the United States or elsewhere, or government responses thereto, or military actions in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere, on the economy in general, or on our business in particular. Due to these and additional factors, the statements, historical results and percentage relationships set forth below are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for any future period. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current beliefs and expectations, some or all of which may prove to be inaccurate, and which may change. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this report.
OVERVIEW
We develop, manufacture and market photolithography and laser thermal processing equipment for manufacturers of integrated circuits and nanotechnology components located throughout North America, Europe, Japan, Taiwan and the rest of Asia.
We supply step-and-repeat photolithography systems based on one-to-one imaging technology. Within the integrated circuits industry, we target the market for advanced packaging applications. Within the nanotechnology industry, our target markets include thin film head magnetic recording devices, ink jet print heads, laser diodes and light emitting diodes (“LEDs”). Our laser thermal processing equipment is targeted at advanced annealing applications within the semiconductor industry.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We derive a substantial portion of our total net sales from sales of a relatively small number of newly manufactured systems, which typically range in price from $1.2 million to $5.6 million. As a result of these high sale prices, the timing and recognition of revenue from a single transaction has had and most likely will continue to have a significant impact on our net sales and operating results for any particular period.
Our backlog at the beginning of a period typically does not include all of the sales needed to achieve our sales objectives for that period. In addition, orders in backlog are subject to cancellation, shipment or customer acceptance delays, and deferral or rescheduling by a customer with limited or no penalties. Consequently, our net sales and operating results for a period have depended and will continue to depend on our obtaining orders for systems to be shipped and accepted in the same period in which the order is received. Our business and financial results for a particular period could be materially adversely affected if an anticipated order for even one system is not received in time to permit shipment and customer acceptance during that period. Furthermore, a substantial portion of our shipments have historically occurred near the end of the quarter. Delays in installation and customer acceptance due, for example, to our inability to successfully demonstrate the agreed-upon specifications or criteria at the customer’s facility, or to the failure of the customer to permit installation of the system in the agreed upon timeframe, may cause net sales in a particular period to fall significantly below our expectations, which may materially and adversely affect our operating results for that period. This risk is especially applicable to the introduction and initial sales of a new product line. Additionally, the failure to receive anticipated orders or delays in shipments due, for example, to rescheduling, delays, deferrals or cancellations by customers, additional customer configuration requirements, or to unexpected manufacturing difficulties or delays in deliveries by suppliers due to their long production lead times or otherwise, have caused and may continue to cause net sales in a particular period to fall significantly below our expectations, materially adversely affecting our operating results for that period. In particular, the long manufacturing and acceptance cycles of our advanced packaging family of wafer steppers and laser thermal processing systems and the long lead time for lenses and other materials, could cause shipments and acceptances of such products to be delayed from one quarter to the next, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations for a particular quarter.

13


Table of Contents

Additionally, the need for continued expenditures for research and development, capital equipment, ongoing training and worldwide customer service and support, among other factors, will make it difficult for us to reduce our operating expenses in a particular period if we fail to achieve our net sales goals for the period.
Net Sales
Second Quarter
                                 
    Three Months Ended              
    June 28,     June 30,     Amount of     Percentage  
(In thousands, except percentages)   2008     2007     Change     Change  
Sales of:
                               
Products
  $ 27,254     $ 26,296     $ 958       3.6 %
Services
    4,407       3,615       792       21.9 %
Licenses
    400       100       300       300.0 %
 
                         
Total net sales
  $ 32,061     $ 30,011     $ 2,050       6.8 %
 
                         
Net sales for the second quarter of 2008 and 2007 consist of revenues from products (system and spare parts sales), services and licensing of technologies. Product sales increased 3.6% to $27.3 million for the quarter ended June 28, 2008, compared to $26.3 million in the corresponding quarter of 2007, primarily due to an increase in average selling prices of systems sold partially offset by a decrease in system unit volume, resulting from a continuing shift in product mix in favor of our new laser processing products and away from our legacy product platforms.
On a product market application basis, system sales to the semiconductor industry, primarily for advanced packaging and laser processing applications, were $24.1 million for the quarter ended June 28, 2008, an increase of 48.3% when compared with system sales of $16.2 million to this market in the corresponding quarter of 2007. This increase was due to an increase in sales to the laser processing market of $6.7 million and advanced packaging market of $1.2 million.
We did not have any system sales to the nanotechnology market for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 as compared with system sales of $5.6 million in the corresponding quarter of 2007. System sales to the nanotechnology market are highly dependent on customer capacity demand in the industries we serve, including thin film heads, automotive MEMS, LED/laser diodes, and ink jet print heads, and therefore we expect to experience significant variations in sales to this market from quarter to quarter.
Revenues from services for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 were $4.4 million, an increase of 21.9% over the corresponding quarter of 2007, primarily attributable to an increase in service contracts entered and recognized during the second quarter of 2008.
Revenues from licensing activities for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 were $0.4 million compared to $0.1 million for the corresponding quarter of 2007. This increase is due to the resale of our tools by our existing customers to third parties. Pursuant to our license arrangements, such transactions are subject to license fee and are based on units sold. Future revenues from licensing activities, if any, will be contingent upon existing and future licensing and royalty arrangements. We may not be successful in generating licensing revenues in the future and do not anticipate the recognition of significant levels of licensing income during the remainder of 2008.
At June 28, 2008, we had approximately $3.6 million of deferred product and services income compared to $10.2 million at December 31, 2007. The gross amounts of deferred revenues and deferred costs at June 28, 2008 were $4.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively. The gross amounts of deferred revenues and deferred costs at December 31, 2007 were $14.8 million and $4.6 million, respectively. Deferred product income is recognized as revenue upon satisfying the contractual obligations for installation and/or customer acceptance. Deferred services income is recognized as revenue ratably over the contract period (for time-based service contracts) or as purchased services are rendered (for contracts based on a purchased quantity of hours).

14


Table of Contents

For the quarter ended June 28, 2008, international net sales were $15.8 million, or 49.2% of total net sales, compared with $18.1 million, or 60.2% of total net sales for the corresponding quarter of 2007. In the quarter ended June 28, 2008 compared to the corresponding quarter of 2007, sales to Europe increased by $4.5 million, sales to Japan decreased by $7.6 million, sales to Taiwan and the rest of Asia increased by $0.4 million, respectively. We expect sales to international customers will continue to represent a significant portion of our revenues during the remainder of 2008 as companies continue to build their manufacturing plants overseas, especially in Asia.
Our revenue derived from sales in foreign countries is not generally subject to significant exchange rate fluctuations, principally because sales contracts for our systems are generally denominated in U.S. dollars. In Japan, however, orders are sometime denominated in Japanese yen. This subjects us to the risk of currency fluctuations. We attempt to mitigate this risk by entering into foreign currency forward exchange contracts for the period between when an order is received and when it is recorded as revenue. After recording revenue, we use various mechanisms, such as natural hedges, to offset substantial portions of the gains or losses associated with our Japanese yen denominated receivables due to exchange rate fluctuations. We had approximately $0.8 million of Japanese yen denominated receivables at June 28, 2008. International sales expose us to a number of additional risks, including fluctuations in the value of local currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, which impact the relative cost of ownership of our products and, thus, the customer’s willingness to purchase our product. (See “Item 1A Risk Factors: International Sales”).
Year-To-Date
                                 
    Six Months Ended              
    June 28,     June 30,     Amount of     Percentage  
(In thousands, except percentages)   2008     2007     Change     Change  
Sales of:
                               
Products
  $ 54,202     $ 49,803     $ 4,399       8.8 %
Services
    8,595       7,476       1,119       15.0 %
Licenses
    400       100       300       300.0 %
 
                         
Total net sales
  $ 63,197     $ 57,379     $ 5,818       10.1 %
 
                         
Product sales increased 8.8% to $54.2 million for the six months ended June 28, 2008 as compared to the same period in 2007. This increase was primarily attributable to an increase in the average selling prices of systems sold partially offset by a decrease in system unit volume, resulting from a continuing shift in product mix in favor of our new laser processing and advanced packaging products and away from our legacy product platforms.
On a market segment basis, the year-over-year increase in systems sales was primarily attributable to a $7.7 million increase in sales to the packaging market and a $4.7 million increase in sales to the laser thermal processing market, which was offset partially by a $4.9 million and $0.6 million decrease in sales to the nanotechnology market and the semiconductor market, respectively.
Revenues from services in the first six months of 2008 increased 15.0% from the comparable period of 2007, primarily as a result of increases in the number of service contracts in effect during the quarter. Revenues from licensing activities increased in the first six months of 2008 as compared to the same period of 2007 primarily due to the resale of our tools by our existing customers to third parties.
For the first six months of 2008, international net sales were $34.0 million, or 53.8% of total net sales, as compared with $37.3 million, or 68.0% of total net sales, for the comparable period of 2007. For the first six months of 2008, as compared to the same period of 2007, sales to Europe decreased $1.1 million, sales to Japan decreased $8.2 million, sales to Taiwan increased $1.0 million and sales to the rest of Asia increased $3.3 million.
Gross Profit
On a comparative basis, gross margins increased to 47.4% for the three months ended June 28, 2008, compared to 43.9% for the corresponding period of 2007. This 3.5 percentage point increase in gross margin was primarily due to an increase in the average selling prices of systems sold and a change in our product mix (4.7 percentage points) and no severance and benefit charge recorded during the second quarter of 2008 (0.7 percentage points). These lower costs were partially offset by higher warranty and installation costs (1.9 percentage points).

15


Table of Contents

Gross margins for the six months ended June 28, 2008 increased to 48.3% compared to 41.8% in the corresponding period in 2007. This 6.5 percentage point increase in gross margin was primarily due to an increase in the average selling prices of systems sold and a change in our product mix (6.4 percentage points) and no severance and benefit charge recorded during the first six months of 2008 (0.8 percentage points). These lower costs were partially offset by higher warranty and installation costs (0.7 percentage points).
Our gross profit as a percentage of sales has been and most likely will continue to be significantly affected by a variety of factors, including the following: the introduction of new products, which typically have higher manufacturing costs until manufacturing efficiencies are realized and which are typically discounted more than existing products until the products gain market acceptance; the mix of products sold; the rate of capacity utilization; write-down of inventory and open purchase commitments; product discounts, pricing and competition in our targeted markets; non-linearity of shipments during the quarter which can result in manufacturing inefficiencies; and the percentage of international sales, which typically have lower gross margins than domestic sales principally due to higher field service and support costs.
Operating Expenses
Second Quarter
                                 
    Three Months Ended              
    June 28,     June 30,     Amount of     Percentage  
(In thousands, except percentages)   2008     2007     Change     Change  
Research, development, and engineering
  $ 5,811     $ 5,836     $ (25 )     -0.4 %
Selling, general, and administrative
    7,648       7,561       87       1.2 %
 
                         
Total operating expenses
  $ 13,459     $ 13,397     $ 62       0.5 %
 
                         
Research, development and engineering expenses for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 remained fairly consistent at $5.8 million as compared to the corresponding period in 2007. As a percentage of net sales, research, development and engineering expenses for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 decreased to 18.1% from 19.4% for the corresponding quarter of 2007. This decrease was due primarily to the increase in net sales as compared to the corresponding quarter of 2007 discussed above.
Selling, general, and administrative expenses for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 remained fairly consistent at $7.6 million as compared to the same quarter of 2007. We did not record any severance and benefit charges during the second quarter of 2008 as compared to $0.5 million recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2007. However, we had higher sales and marketing related expenses as well as an accrual of $0.2 million for the management incentive plan during the second quarter of 2008 as compared to no such accrual for the corresponding quarter of 2007. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general, and administrative expenses for the quarter ended June 28, 2008 decreased to 23.9% from 25.2% for the corresponding quarter of 2007. This decrease was primarily due to the increase in net sales as compared to the corresponding quarter of 2007 discussed above.
Year-To-Date
                                 
    Six Months Ended              
    June 28,     June 30,     Amount of     Percentage  
(In thousands, except percentages)   2008     2007     Change     Change  
Research, development, and engineering
    11,782       11,800       (18 )     -0.2 %
Selling, general, and administrative
    16,160       16,863       (703 )     -4.2 %
 
                         
Total operating expenses
  $ 27,942     $ 28,663       ($721 )     -2.5 %
 
                         
Research, development and engineering expenses for the first six months of 2008 remained fairly consistent at $11.8 million as compared to the same period in 2007. As a percentage of net sales, research, development and engineering expenses for the six-month period ended June 28, 2008 decreased to 18.6% from 20.6% for the corresponding period of 2007.
Selling, general, and administrative expenses were $16.2 million for the first six months of 2008 as compared with $16.9 million for the same period in 2007. This decrease was primarily due to our continuing effort to manage company-wide expenses and to the fact that no severance and benefit charges were recorded during the first six months of 2008 compared to $0.9 million recorded in the corresponding period of 2007, which decrease was offset partially by an accrual of $0.5 million for the management incentive plan as compared to no such accrual for the corresponding period of 2007. As a percentage of net sales, selling, general, and administrative expenses for the six-month period ended June 28, 2008 decreased to 25.6% from 29.4% for the corresponding period of 2007.

16


Table of Contents

Interest and Other Income, Net
Interest and other income, net, which consists primarily of interest income and gain (loss) from foreign currency exchange, was $1.1 million and $2.4 million for the three and six months ended June 28, 2008, respectively, as compared with $1.4 million and $3.1 million for the comparable periods of 2007. This decrease was primarily attributable to higher loss from foreign currency exchange and a decline in interest income earned by our cash and investment positions, which was partially offset by a gain of $0.4 million from sales of short-term investments during the second quarter and first six months of 2008 as compared to the corresponding periods of 2007. The loss from foreign currency exchange was a result of appreciation of Japanese yen. The lower interest income earned resulted from lower applicable interest rates. The cost of securities sold was determined based on the specific identification method. As of June 28, 2008, the weighted-average maturity of our investment portfolio was approximately 0.1 years. As a result, changes in short-term interest rates have had, and will continue to have, an impact on our interest income.
Provision for Income Taxes
For the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008, we recorded income tax provisions of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, as compared to $67,000 and $0.2 million for the comparable periods in 2007. The income tax provisions recognized for the six months ended June 28, 2008 and June 30, 2007 resulted primarily from federal income taxes and foreign income taxes.
Income tax estimates can be affected by whether and within which jurisdictions future earnings will occur and how and when cash is repatriated to the United States, as well as other aspects of an overall income tax strategy. Additionally, taxing jurisdictions could retroactively disagree with our tax treatment of certain items, and some historical transactions have income tax effects going forward. Accounting rules require these future effects to be evaluated using current laws, rules and regulations, each of which can change at any time and in an unpredictable manner. We believe we have adequately provided for any reasonably foreseeable outcome related to these matters, and we do not anticipate any material earnings impact from their ultimate resolution.
Each quarter we assess the likelihood that we will be able to recover our deferred tax assets. We consider all available evidence, both positive and negative, including historical levels of income, expectations and risks associated with estimates of future taxable income and ongoing prudent and feasible tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance. As a result of our analysis of all available evidence, we concluded that it is more likely than not that our net deferred tax assets will not be realized, with the exception of those in Japan and Taiwan. Therefore, we continue to provide a full valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets outside of Japan and Taiwan. We closely monitor all available evidence, and may release some or all of the valuation allowance in future periods.
In accordance with FASB Financial Interpretation Number 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes , we had unrecognized tax benefits of $3.3 million as of January 1, 2008. We continue to recognize interest and penalties as a component of income tax provision and accrued $56,000 for these items as of January 1, 2008.
If we are able to eventually recognize these uncertain tax positions, $2.9 million of the unrecognized benefit would reduce our effective tax rate. We currently have a full valuation allowance against our U.S. net deferred tax asset which would impact the timing of the effective tax rate benefit should any of these uncertain tax positions be favorably settled in the future. Over the next twelve months, we expect an immaterial decline in liabilities associated with our uncertain tax positions as a result of expiring statutes of limitations.
We are subject to federal and state tax examination for years 1999 forward and 1997 forward, respectively, by virtue of the tax attributes carrying forward from those years. We are also subject to audits in the foreign jurisdictions in which we operate for years 2002 and forward. There are no tax examinations currently in progress.
Outlook
The anticipated timing of orders, shipments and customer acceptances usually requires that we fill a number of production slots in any given quarter in order to meet our sales targets. If we are unsuccessful in our efforts to secure those production orders, or if existing production orders are delayed or cancelled, our results of operations will be materially adversely impacted. Accordingly, we may not be able to achieve or maintain our current or prior level of sales. We presently expect net sales for the third quarter of 2008 to be higher than the net sales reported in the second quarter of 2008. For the full fiscal year of 2008, we believe total net sales will improve compared to the amount reported for 2007.

17


Table of Contents

Because our net sales are subject to a number of risks, including risks associated with the market acceptance of our new laser processing product line, delays in customer acceptance, intense competition in the capital equipment industry, uncertainty relating to the timing and market acceptance of our products, and the condition of the macro-economy and the semiconductor industry and the other risks described in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007, we may not exceed or even maintain our current or prior level of net sales for any period in the future. Additionally, we believe that the market acceptance and volume production of our advanced packaging systems, laser processing systems and our 1000 Platform steppers are of critical importance to our future financial results. At June 28, 2008, these critical systems represented approximately 78.7% of our backlog. To the extent that these products do not achieve or maintain significant sales due to difficulties involving manufacturing or engineering, the inability to reduce the current long manufacturing cycles for these products, competition, excess capacity in the semiconductor or nanotechnology device industries, or for any other reason, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.
We believe that gross margin for the third quarter of 2008 will improve compared to the second quarter of 2008. Gross margin for the full fiscal year of 2008 is expected to improve compared to 2007 as well. The final gross margin achieved in any quarter will depend heavily upon sales volumes and the resulting product mix. Should our sales not reach the level expected, we may incur a higher risk of inventory obsolescence and excess purchase commitments and lower utilization of our manufacturing infrastructure, which would materially adversely impact our results of operations. New products generally have lower gross margins until there is widespread market acceptance and until production and after-sales efficiencies can be achieved. Should significant market demand fail to develop for our laser processing systems and our advanced packaging offerings, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected. In addition, higher costs associated with extended manufacturing and customer acceptance periods on shipments of our laser processing products have had, and will continue to have, an adverse impact on our gross margins. We anticipate our operating expenses for the full fiscal year of 2008 will be slightly higher than the amount in fiscal year of 2007. For the full fiscal year of 2008, we believe our operating cash flow will continue to be positive.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Net cash provided by operating activities was $12.1 million for the six months ended June 28, 2008, compared with $1.8 million for the comparable period in 2007. Net cash provided by operating activities during the first six months of 2008 was primarily attributable to our net income generated from increased product and service sales and lower overall spending from our cost-cutting measures plus the net effect of non-cash expenses from depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation charges. Other source of cash from operating activities included decreases in trade receivables and increases in accounts payable and other current liabilities. The decrease in accounts receivable was due to strong collections in the first six months of 2008. The increases in accounts payable and other current liabilities were due to timing of payments. These sources of cash were partially offset by uses of cash from purchase of inventories and lower deferred product and service income. The decrease in deferred product and services income was primarily due to revenue recognized during the first six months of 2008.
We believe that because of the relatively long manufacturing cycle of certain of our systems, particularly newer products, our inventories will continue to represent a significant portion of working capital. Currently, we are devoting significant resources to the introduction and commercialization of our laser processing systems and to the development of our next generation 1X lithography technologies. We currently intend to continue to incur significant operating expenses in the areas of research, development and engineering, manufacturing, and selling, general and administrative costs in order to further develop, produce and support these new products. Additionally, gross profit margins, inventory and capital equipment levels may be adversely impacted in the future by costs associated with the production of our laser processing systems and by future generations of our 1X wafer steppers. These costs include, but are not limited to, additional manufacturing overhead, costs of demonstration systems and facilities and the establishment of additional after-sales support organizations. Moreover, there can be no assurance that operating expenses will not increase, relative to sales, as a result of adding technical, marketing and administrative personnel, among other costs, to support our new products. If we are unable to achieve significantly increased net sales or if our sales fall below expectations, our cash flow and operating results will be materially adversely affected until, among other factors, costs and expenses can be reduced. Our failure to achieve our sales targets for these new products could result in inventory write-offs and asset impairment charges, either of which could materially adversely impact our results of operations.
During the first six months of 2008, net cash provided by investing activities was $50.8 million, attributable to net proceeds from the sale and maturity of short and long-term investments of $52.0 million, offset by capital expenditures of $1.2 million.

18


Table of Contents

Net cash used in financing activities was $1.1 million during the first six months of 2008, attributable to net repayments of $2.1 million under our notes payable offset partially by proceeds of $1.0 million received from the issuance of common stock under our employee stock option plans.
At June 28, 2008, we had working capital of $170.0 million. Our principal sources of liquidity at June 28, 2008 consisted of $137.7 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, net of outstanding borrowings under our line of credit. We have a line of credit agreement with a brokerage firm. Under the terms of this agreement, we may borrow funds at a cost equal to the current Federal funds open rate plus 125 basis points (approximately 3.25% as of June 28, 2008). Certain of our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities secure borrowings outstanding under this facility, but we are not restricted in the use of those assets. Funds are advanced to us under this facility in accordance with pre-determined advance rates based on the cash and securities held by us in this brokerage account. This agreement has no set expiration date and there are no loan covenants other than a collateral requirement. As of June 28, 2008, $3.7 million was outstanding under this facility, with a related collateral requirement of $4.9 million of our cash, cash equivalents and investments.
The development and manufacture of new lithography and laser-based systems and system enhancements is highly capital-intensive. In order to be competitive, we believe we must continue to make significant expenditures for capital equipment; sales, service, training and support capabilities; systems, procedures and controls; and expansion of operations and research and development, among many other items. We expect that cash generated from operations and our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments will be sufficient to meet our cash requirements for at least the next twelve months. However, in the near-term, we may continue to utilize existing and future lines of credit, and other sources of financing, in order to maintain our present levels of cash, cash equivalents and investments. Beyond the next twelve months, we may require additional equity or debt financing to address our working capital or capital equipment needs. In addition, we may seek to raise equity or debt capital at any time that we deem market conditions to be favorable. Additional financing, if needed, may not be available on reasonable terms, or at all.
We may in the future pursue acquisitions of complementary product lines, technologies or businesses. Future acquisitions may result in potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the incurrence of debt and contingent liabilities and amortization expenses and impairment charges related to goodwill and other intangible assets, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, acquisitions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the operations, technologies, personnel and products of the acquired companies; the diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns; risks of entering markets in which we have limited or no direct experience; and the potential loss of key employees of the acquired company. In the event we acquire product lines, technologies or businesses which do not complement our business, or which otherwise do not enhance our sales or operating results, we may incur substantial write-offs and higher recurring operating costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In the event that any such acquisition does occur, there can be no assurance as to the effect thereof on our business or operating results.
Foreign Currency
As part of our overall strategy to manage the level of exposure to the risk of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, we attempt to hedge most of our Japanese yen denominated foreign currency exposures. We use foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the risk that outstanding Japanese yen denominated receipts from customers, for actual or forecasted sales of our products after receipt of customer orders, may be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We use foreign currency forward exchange contracts and natural hedges to offset substantial portions of the potential gains or losses associated with our Japanese yen denominated assets and liabilities due to exchange rate fluctuations. We enter into foreign currency forward contracts that generally have maturities of nine months or less.
Critical Accounting Policies
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our critical accounting policies and estimates. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Our critical accounting policies and estimates are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007.

19


Table of Contents

Information Available on Company Website
Our website is located at www.ultratech.com . We make available, free of charge through our website, our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K (and amendments to those reports), as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed electronically with the SEC. We have adopted a Code of Ethics for our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. We have posted this Code of Ethics on our website. Any future amendments to or waivers of this Code will also be posted on our website.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Reference is made to Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007 and to the subheading “Derivative Instruments and Hedging” in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” under the heading “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.
Interest Rate Risk
Our exposure to market risk due to potential changes in interest rates relates primarily to our investment portfolio, which consisted primarily of fixed interest rate instruments as of June 28, 2008. We maintain an investment policy designed to ensure the safety and preservation of our invested funds by limiting market risk and the risk of default.
Certain of our cash, cash equivalents and short and long-term investments serve as collateral for a line of credit we maintain with a brokerage firm. The line of credit is used for liquidity purposes, mitigating the need to liquidate investments in order to meet our current operating cash requirements.
Credit Risk
We mitigate credit default risk by attempting to invest in high credit quality securities and by positioning our portfolio to respond appropriately to a significant reduction in a credit rating of any investment issuer or guarantor. Our portfolio includes only marketable securities with active secondary or resale markets to ensure portfolio liquidity and is diversified in accordance with our investment policy. To date, we have not experienced any liquidity problems with our portfolio.
As of June 28, 2008, we did not have any investments in mortgage backed or auction rate securities that affect the current sub-prime mortgage market. However, we intend to closely monitor developments in the credit markets and make appropriate changes to our investment policy as deemed necessary. Based on our ability to liquidate our investment portfolio and our expected operating cash flows, we do not anticipate any liquidity constraints as a result of the current credit environment.
Foreign Currency Risk Management
The majority of our revenue, expense and capital purchasing activities are transacted in U.S. dollars. However, we do enter into these transactions in other currencies, primarily Japanese yen. To protect against reductions in value and the volatility of future cash flows caused by changes in currency exchange rates, we have established cash flow and balance sheet hedging programs.
We use foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the risk that outstanding Japanese yen denominated receipts from customers for actual or forecasted sales of equipment may be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Our hedging programs reduce, but do not always entirely eliminate, the impact of currency movements.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
We conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report (the “Evaluation Date”). Based upon the evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms.

20


Table of Contents

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, our management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. Management is further required to apply judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 28, 2008 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
On July 11, 2003, we filed a lawsuit against a Southern California company asserting infringement of certain claims related to U.S. patent No. 5,621,813 in the U.S. District Court in and for the Northern District of California. On May 17, 2005, the court found the subject patent to be invalid. We appealed this decision. The defendant subsequently brought a motion for reimbursement of its attorneys’ fees and costs in a total asserted amount of approximately $2 million. We opposed this motion, and on October 12, 2005, the District Court denied the defendant’s request for attorneys’ fees in its entirety. The defendant appealed that decision. On November 3, 2005, the defendant filed a notice of appeal with respect to the court’s ruling on its motion for attorneys’ fees. In March 2006, the Federal Circuit court upheld the district court’s ruling that the subject patent is invalid. On August 8, 2006, the Federal Circuit court upheld the District Court’s denial of attorneys’ fees. Neither side appealed the rulings by the Federal Circuit, and they are final.
In May 2006, the same company filed a state court lawsuit against us for malicious prosecution and abuse of process claiming that attorney’s fees, costs and other damages were due based on the outcome of a federal patent litigation suit described above. We do not believe this action has merit, particularly given the denial by the federal court of that company’s request to be awarded attorneys’ fees payable by us in the patent litigation and the subsequent federal appellate court’s affirmation of the order denying any such award. We filed a motion to have the state court complaint dismissed under California’s anti-strategic lawsuit against public participation, or anti-SLAPP, and demurrer statutes. The anti-SLAPP statute is aimed at striking lawsuits that are brought in order to quash an individual’s constitutional rights to free speech or seeking redress of grievances (i.e., filing suit). The state court granted the anti-SLAPP motion as to the abuse of process claim, but denied it as to the malicious prosecution claim. We appealed the decision denying the anti-SLAPP motion as to the malicious prosecution claim, but the Appellate Court upheld the Superior Court’s ruling. We intend to continue to vigorously pursue our rights in connection with this action.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
In addition to risks described in the foregoing discussions, the following risks apply to our business and us :
We currently spend, and expect to continue to spend, significant resources to develop, introduce and commercialize our laser processing systems and AP wafer stepper products, and we may not be successful in achieving or increasing sales of these products.
Currently, we are devoting significant resources to the development, introduction and commercialization of our laser products as well as our lithography wafer steppers. We intend to continue to develop these products and technologies during 2008, and will continue to incur significant operating expenses in the areas of research, development and engineering, manufacturing and general and administrative costs in order to develop, produce and support these new products. Additionally, gross profit margins and inventory levels may be further adversely impacted in the future by costs associated with the initial production of our laser processing systems and by future generations of our 1X lithography systems. Introduction of new products generally involves higher installation costs and product performance uncertainties that could delay customer acceptance of our systems, resulting in a delay in recognizing revenue associated with those systems and a reduction in gross margins. These costs include, but are not limited to, additional manufacturing overhead, additional inventory write-downs, costs of demonstration systems and facilities, costs associated with the establishment of additional after-sales support organizations. Additionally, operating expenses may increase, relative to sales, as a result of adding additional marketing and administrative personnel, among other costs, to support our new products. If we are unable to achieve significantly increased net sales or if our sales fall below expectations, our operating results will be materially adversely affected.

21


Table of Contents

Our ability to commercialize our laser processing technologies depends on our ability to demonstrate a manufacturing-worthy tool. We do not presently have in-house capability to fabricate devices. As a result, we must rely on partnering with semiconductor companies to develop the anneal process. The development of new process technologies is largely dependent upon our ability to interest potential customers in working on joint process development. Our ability to deliver timely solutions is also limited by wafer turnaround at the potential customer’s fabrication facility.
Our sales cycle is typically lengthy and involves a significant commitment of capital by our customers, which has subjected us, and is likely to continue to subject us, to delays in customer acceptances of our products and other risks, any of which could adversely impact our results of operations by, among other things, delaying recognition of revenue with respect to those orders and resulting in increased installation, qualification and similar costs.
Sales of our systems depend, in significant part, upon the decision of a prospective customer to increase manufacturing capacity or to restructure current manufacturing facilities, either of which typically involves a significant commitment of capital. Many of our customers in the past have cancelled the development of new manufacturing facilities and have substantially reduced their capital equipment budgets. In view of the significant investment involved in a system purchase, we have experienced and may continue to experience delays following initial qualification of our systems as a result of delays in a customer’s approval process. Additionally, we are presently receiving orders for systems that have lengthy delivery schedules, which may be due to longer production lead times or a result of customers’ capacity scheduling requirements. For these and other reasons, our systems typically have a lengthy sales cycle during which we may expend substantial funds and management effort in securing a sale. Lengthy sales cycles subject us to a number of significant risks, including inventory obsolescence and fluctuations in operating results, over which we have little or no control. In order to maintain or exceed our present level of net sales, we are dependent upon obtaining orders for systems that will ship and be accepted in the current period. We may not be able to obtain those orders.
The semiconductor industry historically has been highly cyclical and has experienced periods of oversupply, which has in turn affected the market for semiconductor equipment such as ours and which can adversely affect our results of operations during such periods.
Our business depends in significant part upon capital expenditures by manufacturers of semiconductors, advanced packaging semiconductors and nanotechnology components which in turn depend upon the current and anticipated market demand for such devices and products utilizing such devices. The semiconductor industry historically has been highly cyclical and has experienced recurring periods of oversupply. This has, from time to time, resulted in significantly reduced demand for capital equipment including the systems manufactured and marketed by us. We believe that markets for new generations of semiconductors and semiconductor packaging will also be subject to similar fluctuations. Our business and operating results would be materially adversely affected by downturns or slowdowns in the semiconductor packaging market or by loss of market share. Accordingly, we may not be able to achieve or maintain our current or prior level of sales. We attempt to mitigate the risk of cyclicality by participating in multiple markets including semiconductor, semiconductor packaging, and nanotechnology sectors, as well as diversifying into new markets such as laser-based annealing for implant activation and other applications. Despite such efforts, when one or more of such markets experiences a downturn or a situation of excess capacity, our net sales and operating results are materially adversely affected.
We may not be successful in protecting our intellectual property rights or we could be found to have infringed the intellectual property rights of others, either of which could weaken our competitive position and adversely affect our results of operations.
Although we attempt to protect our intellectual property rights through patents, copyrights, trade secrets and other measures, we believe that our success will depend more upon the innovation, technological expertise and marketing abilities of our employees. Nevertheless, we have a policy of seeking patents when appropriate on inventions resulting from our ongoing research and development and manufacturing activities. We own 142 United States and foreign patents, which expire on dates ranging from October 2008 to September 2027 and have 64 United States and foreign patent applications pending. In addition, we have various registered trademarks and copyright registrations covering mainly applications used in the operation of our systems. We also rely upon trade secret protection for our confidential and proprietary information. We may not be able to protect our technology adequately and competitors may be able to develop similar technology independently. Our pending patent applications may not be issued or U.S. or foreign intellectual property laws may not protect our intellectual property rights. In addition, litigation may be necessary to enforce our patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others or to defend against claims of infringement. Such litigation has resulted in, and in the future could result in, substantial costs and diversion of resources and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, regardless of the outcome of the litigation. Patents issued to us may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented and the rights granted thereunder may not provide competitive advantages to us. Furthermore, others may independently develop similar technology or products, or, if patents are issued to us, design around the patents issued to us. Invalidation of our patents related to those technologies could allow our competitors to more effectively compete against us, which could result in less revenue for us.

22


Table of Contents

On July 11, 2003, we filed a lawsuit against a Southern California company asserting infringement of certain claims related to U.S. patent No. 5,621,813 in the U.S. District Court in and for the Northern District of California. On May 17, 2005, the court found the subject patent to be invalid. We appealed this decision. The defendant subsequently brought a motion for reimbursement of its attorneys’ fees and costs in a total asserted amount of approximately $2 million. We opposed this motion, and on October 12, 2005, the District Court denied the defendant’s request for attorneys’ fees in its entirety. The defendant appealed that decision. On November 3, 2005, the defendant filed a notice of appeal with respect to the court’s ruling on its motion for attorneys’ fees. In March 2006, the Federal Circuit court upheld the district court’s ruling that the subject patent is invalid. On August 8, 2006, the Federal Circuit court upheld the District Court’s denial of attorneys’ fees. Neither side appealed the rulings by the Federal Circuit, and they are final.
In May 2006, the same company filed a state court lawsuit against us for malicious prosecution and abuse of process claiming that attorney’s fees, costs and other damages were due based on the outcome of the federal patent litigation suit described above. We do not believe this action has merit, particularly given the denial by the federal court of that company’s request to be awarded attorneys’ fees payable by us in the patent litigation and the subsequent federal appellate court’s affirmation of the order denying any such award. We filed a motion to have the state court complaint dismissed under California’s anti-strategic lawsuit against public participation (“anti-SLAPP”) and demurrer statutes. The anti-SLAPP statute is aimed at striking lawsuits that are brought in order to quash an individual’s constitutional rights to free speech or seeking redress of grievances (i.e., filing suit). The state court granted the anti-SLAPP motion as to the abuse of process claim, but denied it as to the malicious prosecution claim. We appealed the decision denying the anti-SLAPP motion as to the malicious prosecution claim, but the Appellate Court upheld the Superior Court’s ruling. We intend to continue to vigorously pursue our rights in connection with this action.
We believe that the outcome of these matters will not be material to our business, financial condition or results of operations.
We have from time to time been notified of claims that we may be infringing intellectual property rights possessed by third parties. We believe that the outcome of these matters will not be material to our business, results of operations or financial condition.
Infringement claims by third parties or claims for indemnification resulting from infringement claims may be asserted in the future and such assertions could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, regardless of the outcome of any litigation. With respect to any such future claims, we may seek to obtain a license under the third party’s intellectual property rights. However, a license may not be available on reasonable terms or at all. We could decide, in the alternative, to resort to litigation to challenge such claims. Such challenges could be expensive and time consuming and could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, regardless of the outcome of any litigation.
We operate in a highly competitive industry in which customers are required to invest substantial resources in each product, which makes it difficult to achieve significant sales to a particular customer once another vendor’s equipment has been purchased by that customer.
The capital equipment industry in which we operate is intensely competitive. A substantial investment is required to install and integrate capital equipment into a semiconductor, semiconductor packaging or nanotechnology device production line. We believe that once a device manufacturer or packaging subcontractor has selected a particular supplier’s capital equipment, the manufacturer generally relies upon that equipment for the specific production line application and, to the extent possible, subsequent generations of similar products. Accordingly, it is difficult to achieve significant sales to a particular customer once another supplier’s capital equipment has been selected.
We experience competition in advanced packaging from various proximity aligner companies such as Suss Microtec AG (Suss Microtec) and projection companies such as Ushio, Inc. (Ushio). In addition, some device manufacturers may consider using reduction steppers for advanced packaging processes. In nanotechnology, we experience competition from proximity aligner companies, such as Suss Microtec, as well as other stepper manufacturers who have developed or are developing tools specifically designed for nanotechnology applications. We expect our competitors in the lithography arena to continue to improve the performance of their current products and to introduce new products with improved price and performance characteristics. This could cause a decline in sales or loss of market acceptance of our steppers in our served markets, and thereby materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Enhancements to, or future generations of, competing products may be developed that offer superior cost of ownership and technical performance features.

23


Table of Contents

With respect to our laser annealing technologies, marketed under the LSA100A product name, the primary competition comes from companies such as Dainippon Screen Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Applied Materials, Inc. and Mattson Technology, Inc. Many of these companies offer products utilizing rapid thermal processing (“RTP”) which is the current prevailing manufacturing technology. RTP does not prevent semiconductor device manufacturers from scaling the lateral dimensions of their transistors to obtain improved performance, but diffusion resulting from the time scales associated with RTP limits the vertical dimension of the junctions. Faster annealing times result in shallower and more abrupt junctions and faster transistors. We believe that RTP manufacturers recognize the need to reduce thermal cycle times and are working toward this goal. In July 2000, we licensed certain rights to our then existing laser processing technology, with reservations, to a competing manufacturer of semiconductor equipment. We presently anticipate that this company will offer laser-annealing tools to the semiconductor industry that will compete with our offerings.
Another potential advanced annealing solution utilizes flash lamp annealing technology, or FLA. Several companies have published papers on annealing tools that incorporate flash lamp technology in order to reduce annealing times and increase anneal temperatures. Developers of FLA technology claim to have overcome annealing difficulties at the 65nm node. This technique, which employs xenon flash lamps, has shown improvements over RTP in junction depth and sheet resistance, but we believe FLA suffers from pattern-related non-uniformities and could require additional, costly processes to equalize the reflectivity of different areas within the chip or wafer. Our proprietary laser processing solution has been specifically developed to provide junction annealing on near-instantaneous time-scales, while achieving high activation levels. Laser spike annealing, our first implementation of laser processing, activates dopants in the microsecond-to-millisecond time frame without melting. Our research indicates that, at temperatures just below the melting point of silicon, time durations in the microsecond to millisecond range are required to achieve full activation and minimal dopant diffusion.
Additionally, competition to our laser processing products may come from other laser annealing tools, including those presently being used by the flat panel display industry to re-crystallize silicon. Manufacturers of these tools may try to extend the use of their technologies to semiconductor device applications.
We believe that in order to be competitive, we will need to continue to invest significant financial resources in new product development, new features and enhancements to existing products, the introduction of new stepper systems in our served markets on a timely basis, and maintaining customer service and support centers worldwide. In marketing our products, we may also face competition from vendors employing other technologies. In addition, increased competitive pressure has led to intensified price-based competition in certain of our markets, resulting in lower prices and margins. Should these competitive trends continue, our business, financial condition and operating results may be materially adversely affected.
We sell our products primarily to a limited number of customers and to customers in a limited number of industries, which subjects us to increased risks related to the business performance of our customers, and therefore their need for our products, and the business cycles of the markets into which we sell.
Historically, we have sold a substantial portion of our systems to a limited number of customers. In the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008, our top five customers accounted for 88.0% and 62.7% of our system sales compared to 88.9% and 58.1%, in the comparable periods of 2007. We expect that sales to a relatively few customers will continue to account for a high percentage of our net sales in the foreseeable future and believe that our financial results depend in significant part upon the success of these major customers and our ability to meet their future capital equipment needs. Although the composition of the group comprising our largest customers may vary from period to period, the loss of a significant customer or any reduction in orders by a significant customer, including reductions due to market, economic or competitive conditions in the semiconductor, semiconductor packaging or nanotechnology industries or in the industries that manufacture products utilizing integrated circuits, thin film heads or other nanotechnology components, would likely have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our ability to maintain or increase our sales in the future depends, in part, on our ability to obtain orders from new customers as well as the financial condition and success of our existing customers, the semiconductor and nanotechnology industries and the economy in general.
In addition to the business risks associated with dependence on a few major customers, these significant customer concentrations have in the past resulted in significant concentrations of accounts receivable. These significant and concentrated receivables expose us to additional risks, including the risk of default by one or more customers representing a significant portion of our total receivables. If we were required to take additional accounts receivable reserves, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

24


Table of Contents

On a market application basis, sales to the semiconductor industry, primarily for advanced packaging applications and laser thermal processing applications, accounted for 100% and 74.4% of system revenue for the second quarter of 2008 and 2007, respectively, while sales to nanotechnology manufacturers, including micro systems, thin film head and optical device manufacturers, accounted for the remainder of our systems revenue. For the first six months of 2008, sales to the semiconductor industry and nanotechnology manufacturers accounted for 96.7% and 3.3%, respectively, compared to 84.1% and 15.9% of the corresponding periods in 2007. Our future operating results and financial condition would be materially adversely impacted by a downturn in any of these industries, or by loss of market share in any of these industries. A growing portion of our backlog of system orders is comprised of laser spike annealing tools. To date, we have limited customer experience with this technology. Should significant demand not materialize, due to technical, production, market, or other factors, our business, financial position and results of operations would be materially adversely impacted.
We rely on a limited number of outside suppliers and subcontractors to manufacture certain components and subassemblies, and on single or a limited group of outside suppliers for certain materials for our products, which could result in a potential inability to obtain an adequate supply of required components due to the suppliers’ failure or inability to provide such components in a timely manner, or at all, and reduced control over pricing and timely delivery of components and materials, any of which could adversely affect our results of operations.
Our manufacturing activities consist of assembling and testing components and subassemblies, which are then integrated into finished systems. We rely on a limited number of outside suppliers and subcontractors to manufacture certain components and subassemblies. We order one of the most critical components of our technology, the glass for our 1X lenses, from external suppliers. We design the 1X lenses and provide the lens specifications and the glass to other suppliers, who then grind and polish the lens elements. We then assemble and test the optical 1X lenses.
We procure some of our other critical systems’ components, subassemblies and services from single outside suppliers or a limited group of outside suppliers in order to ensure overall quality and timeliness of delivery. Many of these components and subassemblies have significant production lead times. To date, we have been able to obtain adequate services and supplies of components and subassemblies for our systems in a timely manner. However, disruption or termination of certain of these sources could have a significant adverse impact on our ability to manufacture our systems. This, in turn, would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our reliance on a sole supplier or a limited group of suppliers and our reliance on subcontractors involve several risks, including a potential inability to obtain an adequate supply of required components due to the suppliers’ failure or inability to provide such components in a timely manner, or at all, and reduced control over pricing and timely delivery of components. Although the timeliness, yield and quality of deliveries to date from our subcontractors have been acceptable, manufacture of certain of these components and subassemblies is an extremely complex process, and long lead-times are required. Any inability to obtain adequate deliveries or any other circumstance that would require us to seek alternative sources of supply or to manufacture such components internally could delay our ability to ship our products, which could damage relationships with current and prospective customers and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our industry is subject to rapid technological change and product innovation, which could result in our technologies and products being replaced by those of our competitors, which would adversely affect our business and results of operations.
The semiconductor and nanotechnology manufacturing industries are subject to rapid technological change and new product introductions and enhancements. Our ability to be competitive in these and other markets will depend, in part, upon our ability to develop new and enhanced systems and related applications, and to introduce these systems and related applications at competitive prices and on a timely and cost-effective basis to enable customers to integrate them into their operations either prior to or as they begin volume product manufacturing. We will also be required to enhance the performance of our existing systems and related applications. Our success in developing new and enhanced systems and related applications depends upon a variety of factors, including product selection, timely and efficient completion of product design, timely and efficient implementation of manufacturing and assembly processes, product performance in the field and effective sales and marketing. Because new product development commitments must be made well in advance of sales, new product decisions must anticipate both future demand and the technology that will be available to meet that demand. We may not be successful in selecting, developing, manufacturing or marketing new products and related applications or enhancing our existing products and related applications. Any such failure would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Because of the large number of components in our systems, significant delays can occur between a system’s introduction and our commencement of volume production of such systems. We have experienced delays from time to time in the introduction of, and technical and manufacturing difficulties with, certain of our systems and enhancements and related application tools features and options, and may experience delays and technical and manufacturing difficulties in future introductions or volume production of new systems or enhancements and related application tools features and options.

25


Table of Contents

We may encounter additional technical, manufacturing or other difficulties that could further delay future introductions or volume production of systems or enhancements. Our inability to complete the development or meet the technical specifications of any of our systems or enhancements and related applications, or our inability to manufacture and ship these systems or enhancements and related tools in volume and in time to meet the requirements for manufacturing the future generation of semiconductor or nanotechnology devices would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, we may incur substantial unanticipated costs to ensure the functionality and reliability of our products early in the products’ life cycles. If new products have reliability or quality problems, reduced orders or higher manufacturing costs, delays in customer acceptance, revenue recognition and collecting accounts receivable and additional service and warranty expenses may result. Any of such events may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A substantial portion of our sales are outside of the United States, which subjects us to risks related to customer service, installation, foreign economic and political stability, uncertain regulatory and tax rules, and foreign exchange rate fluctuations, all of which make it more difficult to operate our business.
International sales accounted for approximately 49.2% and 53.8% of total net sales for the three- and six-month periods ended June 28, 2008, respectively, compared to 60.2% and 68.0% in the comparable period of 2007. We anticipate that international sales will continue to account for a significant portion of total net sales. As a result, a significant portion of our net sales will continue to be subject to certain risks, including unexpected changes in regulatory requirements; difficulty in satisfying existing regulatory requirements; exchange rate fluctuations; tariffs and other barriers; political and economic instability; difficulties in accounts receivable collections; natural disasters; difficulties in staffing and managing foreign subsidiary and branch operations; and potentially adverse tax consequences.
Although we generally transact our international sales in U.S. dollars, international sales expose us to a number of additional risk factors, including fluctuations in the value of local currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, which, in turn, impact the relative cost of ownership of our products and may further impact the purchasing ability of our international customers. We have direct sales operations in Japan and orders are often denominated in Japanese yen. This may subject us to a higher degree of risk from currency fluctuations. We attempt to mitigate this exposure through foreign currency hedging. We are also subject to the risks associated with the imposition of legislation and regulations relating to the import or export of semiconductors and nanotechnology products. We cannot predict whether the United States or any other country will implement changes to quotas, duties, taxes or other charges or restrictions upon the importation or exportation of our products. These factors, or the adoption of restrictive policies, may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our investment portfolio may become impaired by further deterioration of the capital markets.
Our cash equivalent and short-term investment portfolio as of June 28, 2008 consisted of U.S. treasury securities, corporate notes, commercial paper and money market funds. We follow an established investment policy and set of guidelines to monitor, manage and limit our exposure to interest rate and credit risk. The policy sets forth credit quality standards and limits our exposure to any one issuer, as well as our maximum exposure to various asset classes.
As a result of current financial market conditions, investments in some financial instruments, such as structured investment vehicles, sub-prime mortgage-backed securities and collateralized debt obligations, may lose some or all of their value due to liquidity and credit concerns. As of June 28, 2008, we had no holdings in these categories of investments and no impairment charge associated with our short-term investment portfolio. Although we believe our current investment portfolio has little risk of impairment, we cannot predict future market conditions or market liquidity and our investment portfolio could become impaired.
We are dependent on our key personnel, especially Mr. Zafiropoulo, our Chief Executive Officer, and our business and results of operations would be adversely affected if we were to lose our key employees.
Our future operating results depend, in significant part, upon the continued contributions of key personnel, many of whom would be difficult to replace. We have entered into employment agreements only with our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and our employees are employed “at will.” The agreements with our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer contain vesting acceleration and severance payment provisions that could result in significant costs or charges to us should the employee be terminated without cause, die or have a disability. We do not maintain any life insurance on any of our key employees. The loss of key personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our future operating results depend in significant part upon our ability to attract and retain other qualified management, manufacturing, technical, sales and support personnel for our operations. There are only a limited number of persons with the requisite skills to serve in these positions and it may become increasingly difficult for us to hire such personnel over time. At times, competition for such personnel has been intense, particularly in the San Francisco Bay Area, where we maintain our headquarters and principal operations, and we may not be successful in attracting or retaining such personnel. The failure to attract or retain such persons would materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

26


Table of Contents

Changes in financial accounting standards or policies in the past have affected, and in the future may, affect, our reported results of operations.
We prepare our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). These principles are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (“AICPA”), the SEC and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting policies. A change in those policies can have a significant effect on our reported results and may affect our reporting of transactions which are completed before a change is announced.
Accounting policies affecting many other aspects of our business, including rules relating to revenue recognition, off-balance sheet transactions, employee stock options, restructurings, asset disposals and asset retirement obligations, derivative and other financial instruments have recently been revised or are under review. Changes to those rules or the questioning of how we interpret or implement those rules may have a material adverse effect on our reported financial results or on the way we conduct business. In addition, our preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires that we make estimates and assumptions that affect the recorded amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of those assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the recorded amounts of expenses during the reporting period. A change in the facts and circumstances surrounding those estimates could result in a change to our estimates and could impact our future operating results.
Changes in securities laws and listing standards, in particular those that have resulted from the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related rules and regulations, have increased our legal and financial costs, and we expect to continue to spend significant resources to comply with these requirements.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 required changes in our corporate governance, public disclosure and compliance practices. The rules and regulations applicable to us have increased and will continue to increase our legal and financial compliance costs, and have made some activities more difficult, such as by requiring stockholder approval of new stock option plans. In addition, we have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant costs in connection with compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act regarding internal control over financial reporting. We also expect these developments to make it more difficult and more expensive to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept reduced coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain coverage. These developments could make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our board of directors, particularly to serve on our audit committee, and qualified executive officers. In addition, in connection with our Section 404 certification process, we may identify from time to time deficiencies in our internal controls. Any material weakness or deficiency in our internal control over financial reporting could materially and negatively impact our reported financial results and the market price of our stock could significantly decline. Additionally, adverse publicity related to the disclosure of a material weakness or deficiency in internal control over financial reporting could have a negative impact on our reputation, business and stock price.
Our equity incentive plans, certain provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, and Delaware law may discourage third parties from pursuing a change of control transaction with us.
Certain provisions of our Certificate of Incorporation, equity incentive plans, licensing agreements, Bylaws and Delaware law may discourage certain transactions involving a change in control of our company. In addition to the foregoing, our classified board of directors, the shareholdings of our officers, directors and persons or entities that may be deemed affiliates and the ability of the Board of Directors to issue “blank check” preferred stock without further stockholder approval could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing us from experiencing a change in control and may adversely affect the voting and other rights of holders of our Common Stock.
Our stock price has experienced significant volatility in the past and we expect this to continue in the future as a result of many factors, some of which could be unrelated to our operating performance, and such volatility can have a major impact on the number of shares subject to outstanding stock options and restricted stock units that are included in calculating our earnings per share.
We believe that factors such as announcements of developments related to our business, fluctuations in our operating results, a shortfall in revenue or earnings, changes in analysts’ expectations, general conditions in the semiconductor and nanotechnology industries or the worldwide or regional economies, sales of our securities into the marketplace, an outbreak or escalation of hostilities, announcements of technological innovations or new products or enhancements by us or our competitors, developments in patents or other intellectual property rights and developments in our relationships with our customers and suppliers could cause the price of our Common Stock to fluctuate, perhaps substantially. The market price of our Common Stock has fluctuated significantly in the past and we expect it to continue to experience significant fluctuations in the future, including fluctuations that may be unrelated to our performance.

27


Table of Contents

As of June 28, 2008, we had options and restricted stock units to purchase approximately 5.2 million shares of our Common Stock outstanding. Among other determinants, the market price of our stock has a major bearing on the number of shares subject to outstanding stock options and restricted stock units that are included in the weighted-average shares used in determining our net income (loss) per share. During periods of extreme volatility, the impact of higher stock prices can have a materially dilutive effect on our net income (loss) per share. Additionally, shares subject to outstanding options and restricted stock units are excluded from the calculation of net income (loss) per share when we have a net loss or when the exercise price and the average unrecognized compensation cost of the stock option or restricted stock unit is greater than the average market price of our Common Stock, as the impact of the stock options or restricted stock unit would be anti-dilutive.
Our results of operations and business could be adversely affected by wars and other military action, as well as terrorist attacks and threats and government responses thereto, especially if any such actions were directed at us or our facilities or customers.
Terrorist attacks in the United States and elsewhere, government responses thereto, and military actions in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere, may disrupt our operations or those of our customers and suppliers and may affect the availability of materials needed to manufacture our products or the means to transport those materials to manufacturing facilities and finished products to customers. In addition, any of these events could increase volatility in the United States and world financial markets which may depress the price of our Common Stock and may limit the capital resources available to us or our customers or suppliers, which could result in decreased orders from customers, less favorable financing terms from suppliers, and scarcity or increased costs of materials and components of our products. Additionally, terrorist attacks directly upon us may significantly disrupt our ability to conduct our business. Any of these occurrences could have a significant impact on our operating results, revenues and costs and may result in increased volatility of the market price of our Common Stock.
If we acquire companies, products, or technologies, we may face risks associated with those acquisitions.
We may not realize the anticipated benefits of any acquisition or investment. We may in the future pursue additional acquisitions of complementary product lines, technologies or businesses. Future acquisitions may result in potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the incurrence of debt and contingent liabilities and amortization expenses and impairment charges related to goodwill and other intangible assets, which could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, acquisitions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the operations, technologies, personnel and products of the acquired companies; the diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns; risks of entering markets in which we have limited or no direct experience; and the potential loss of key employees of the acquired company. In the event we acquire product lines, technologies or businesses which do not complement our business, or which otherwise do not enhance our sales or operating results, we may incur substantial write-offs and higher recurring operating costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In the event that any such acquisition does occur, there can be no assurance as to the effect thereof on our business or operating results.
Our long-term expenses reduction programs may result in an increase in short-term expenses.
As part of our continued effort to reduce company-wide expenses since the fourth quarter of 2006, during 2006 and 2007, we recorded certain expenses related to workforce reductions pursuant to the provisions of FASB Statement No. 146, Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities . Although we expect our cost cutting efforts to result in a decrease in expenses over the long-term, these accounting charges may result in an increase in our short-term expenses. We may from time to time undertake additional expense reduction programs or actions, any of which could result in current period charges and expenses that could have a material adverse effect on that period’s operating results.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
None.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
None.

28


Table of Contents

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
None.
Item 5. Other Information.
None.

29


Table of Contents

Item 6. Exhibits.
     
3.1(a)
  Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant, filed October 6, 1993.
 
   
3.1.1(a)
  Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated May 17, 1995.
 
   
3.1.2(a)
  Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated June 17, 1998.
 
   
3.1.3(a)
  Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated June 20, 2003.
 
   
3.2(b)
  Bylaws of the Registrant, as amended.
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
32.1*
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
(a)   Previously filed with our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 28, 2003 (Commission File No. 0-22248) and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(b)   Previously filed with our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 2, 2007 (Commission File No. 0-22248) and incorporated herein by reference.
 
*   Exhibit 32.1 is being furnished and shall not be deemed to be filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall such exhibit be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act, except as otherwise stated in such filing.

30


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
             
    ULTRATECH, INC.
(Registrant)
   
 
           
Date: July 31, 2008
  By:   /s/ BRUCE WRIGHT
 
Bruce Wright
Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief
Financial Officer (Duly
Authorized Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
   

31


Table of Contents

EXHIBIT INDEX
     
3.1(a)
  Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant, filed October 6, 1993.
 
   
3.1.1(a)
  Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated May 17, 1995.
 
   
3.1.2(a)
  Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated June 17, 1998.
 
   
3.1.3(a)
  Certificate of Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated June 20, 2003.
 
   
3.2(b)
  Bylaws of the Registrant, as amended.
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer required pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
   
32.1*
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
(a)   Previously filed with our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 28, 2003 (Commission File No. 0-22248) and incorporated herein by reference.
 
(b)   Previously filed with out Current Report on Form 8-K on February 2, 2007 (Commission File No. 0-22248) and incorporated herein by reference.
 
*   Exhibit 32.1 is being furnished and shall not be deemed to be filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall such exhibit be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act, except as otherwise stated in such filing.

 

Exhibit 31.1
     I, Arthur Zafiropoulo, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Ultratech, Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
     a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
     b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
     c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
     d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
     a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
     b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
Date: July 31, 2008
  /s/ ARTHUR ZAFIROPOULO
 
Arthur Zafiropoulo
   
 
  Chief Executive Officer    

 

Exhibit 31.2
        I, Bruce Wright, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Ultratech, Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
     a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
     b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
     c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
     d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
     a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
     b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
Date: July 31, 2008
  /s/ BRUCE WRIGHT
 
Bruce Wright
   
 
  Chief Financial Officer    

 

Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATIONS OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18
U.S.C.
SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
     I, Arthur Zafiropoulo, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge:
    the Quarterly Report of Ultratech, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 28, 2008 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
 
    the information contained in such Quarterly Report fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations of Ultratech, Inc.
             
By:
  /s/ ARTHUR ZAFIROPOULO
 
Name: Arthur Zafiropoulo
  Date: July 31, 2008     
 
  Title: Chief Executive Officer        
     I, Bruce Wright, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to my knowledge:
    the Quarterly Report of Ultratech, Inc. on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 28, 2008 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
 
    the information contained in such Quarterly Report fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition and results of operations of Ultratech, Inc.
             
By:
  /s/ BRUCE WRIGHT
 
Name: Bruce Wright
  Date: July 31, 2008     
 
  Title: Chief Financial Officer        
 
*   A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to Ultratech, Inc. and will be retained by Ultratech, Inc. and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.